The Pedestrian and Bicyclist Highway Safety Problem As It Relates to the Hispanic Population in the United States

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FINAL REPORT

Richard L. Knoblauch
Rita Furst Seifert, PhD
Center for Applied Research, Inc.

Nhora Barreva Murphy
The Media Network, Inc.
December 30, 2004

Center for Applied
Research, Inc.
9661 Fringe Tree Road
Great Falls, VA 22066


Foreword

The overall goal of the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Program is to increase pedestrian and bicycle safety and mobility.

The following document describes the level of involvement of Hispanics in pedestrian and bicycle crashes.

Possible approaches for local pedestrian and bicycle safety programs targeting Hispanics are presented.

The results of this research will be useful to transportation researchers, engineers, planners and safety professionals involved in improving pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility.

Notice

This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. This report does not constitute a standard, specification or regulation.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturers' names appear herein only because they are considered essential to the purpose of the document.

Table of Contents

  1. Executive Summary
  2. Background & Relevant Review
    1. Project Background
    2. Contract Objectives
    3. Relevant Literature
  3. Quantitative Data Analysis
    1. Exposure and Other Crash Risk Factors
    2. Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS) Data
      1. Pedestrian Fatalities
        1. Pedestrian Characteristics
        2. Pedestrian Crash Characteristics/Accident Level Variables
      2. Bicyclist Fatalities
        1. Bicyclist Characteristics
        2. Bicyclist Crash Characteristics
    3. Center for Disease Control (CDC) Data
    4. Miami/Dade County Data
  4. Focus Group Discussions
    1. Partnership and Coalition Building: Main Findings
    2. Focus Group: Activities
      1. Focus Group Methodology
      2. Recruitment Process for Focus Groups
      3. Profile of Participants
      4. Detailed Findings for Pedestrian Focus Groups
      5. Detailed Findings for Bicyclist Focus Groups
      6. Focus Group Main Findings
  5. Conclusions and Recommendations
  6. References

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Average Annual Pedestrian & Bicyclist Fatalities by Hispanic Country of Origin

Table 2: Deaths & Death Rates by Ethnicity for Pedestrians & Bicyclists

Table 3 - Crash Risk Factors for the Hispanic and White U.S. Population

Table 4: Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity

Table 5 Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity & Gender

Table 6 - Male Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity and Age

Table 7 - Female Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity and Age

Table 8 - Alcohol-Related Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity and Gender

Table 9: Selected Accident Level Variables for Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity

Table 10 - Bicyclist Fatalities by Ethnicity

Table 11 - Bicyclist Fatalities by Ethnicity & Gender

Table 12 - Male Bicyclist Fatalities by Ethnicity & Age

Table 13 - Alcohol-Related Bicyclist Fatalities by Ethnicity & Gender

Table 14 - Selected Accident Level Variables for Bicyclist Fatalities by Ethnicity

Table 15 - Pedestrian & Bicyclist Deaths & Death Rates by Ethnicity

Table 16 - Pedestrian Crash Rate by Ethnicity in Miami/Dade County, FL

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1 - Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity

Figure 2 - Male Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity and Age Category

Figure 3 - Female Pedestrian Fatalities by Ethnicity and Age Categories

Figure 4 - Pedestrian Fatalities by Time of Day

Figure 5 - Bicycle Fatalities by Ethnicity

Figure 6 - Bicyclist Fatalities by Ethnicity & Age

Figure 7 - Bicyclist Fatalities by Time of Day

 

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Program Contact

Tamara Redmon

202-366-4077

Gabriel Rousseau

202-366-8044

What's New

The FHWA Safety Office is continually developing new materials to assist states, localities and citizens in improving pedestrian and bicycle safety. The materials listed on this page were completed recently.

New Understanding Pedestrian Crashes in Louisville, KY 2006-2010

New Bicycle Safer Journey (Revised 2014)

New Pedestrian Hybrid Beacon Guide

New Pedestrian Forum – Spring 2014

new A Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced Safety

new Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced Safety Research Report

REVISED Pedsafe 2013: Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System

New Pedestrian Safer Journey 2013 (Revised)  

Proven Countermeasures for Pedestrian Safety

Spotlight on Pedestrian Safety

Promoting the Implementation of Proven Pedestrian Countermeasures

State Best Practice Policy for Medians

State Best Practice Policy for Shoulders and Walkways

Pedestrian Countermeasure Policy Best Practice Report

The State of Florida is developing a statewide Pedestrian Safety Action Plan. They have set up a project website that includes information about the project, workshop presentations and resources relating to pedestrian safety.

Evaluating Pedestrian Safety Countermeasures

Safety Benefits of Raised Medians and Pedestrian Refuge Areas: Brochure, Booklet

Safety Benefits of Walkways, Sidewalks, and Paved Shoulders: Brochure, Booklet

Pedestrian Safety Strategic Plan