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Pedestrian Safety - Report to Congress

August 2008

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U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Safety

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Table of Contents

Glossary of Terms

Executive Summary

1. Background

Defining The Problem

Primary Concerns

2. The Role Of Advanced Technologies

3. Assessment of Developmental and Pre-Deployment Advanced Technologies

Pedestrians Crossing Intersections Or Roadways In General

Passive Pedestrian Sensors

Signalized Intersection Crossings

Pedestrian Countdown Signals

Signalized Intersection Crossing - Pedestrians Struck By Through Vehicles

Automatic Extension of the Pedestrian Signal

Signalized Intersection Crossing - Pedestrians Struck By Turning Vehicles

Exclusive Pedestrian Phasing

Pedestrian Head-Start Phasing

Signalized Intersection Crossing - Right Turn On Red Collisions

Pedestrian-Activated No Turn on Red LED Sign or Red Light Arrow

Mid-Block Crossing

Activation of In-Pavement Crosswalk Lighting

Activation of Overhead Lighting

Activation of LED Warning Signs

Activation of Variable Speed Limit Signs

Activation of High-Intensity Activated Crosswalk Signals

Advancing and Deploying Advanced Technologies for Mid-block Pedestrian Crossings

Pedestrian Crashes On Freeways
Night Pedestrian Recognition and Warning System
Pedestrian Injury Severity

Improved Vehicle Design

In-Vehicle Pedestrian Avoidance Systems: Vehicle Parking Aids

In-Vehicle Pedestrian Sensing System

Pedestrian Night Crashes
Night Vision Enhancement Systems

4. Recommendations For Law Enforcement and Education

Law Enforcement

Automated Enforcement


Positive Feedback for Pedestrians

Public Outreach at the Point of Readiness

Educating Law Enforcement

5. Integration Into National Design Guidelines

American Association of State Highway And Transportation Officials

Federal Highway Administration

6. Conclusions and Recommendations



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