Pedestrian Safety - Report to Congress

August 2008

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U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Safety

Downloadable Version
PDF [293 KB]

Table of Contents

Glossary of Terms

Executive Summary

1. Background

Defining The Problem

Primary Concerns

2. The Role Of Advanced Technologies

3. Assessment of Developmental and Pre-Deployment Advanced Technologies

Pedestrians Crossing Intersections Or Roadways In General

Passive Pedestrian Sensors

Signalized Intersection Crossings

Pedestrian Countdown Signals

Signalized Intersection Crossing - Pedestrians Struck By Through Vehicles

Automatic Extension of the Pedestrian Signal

Signalized Intersection Crossing - Pedestrians Struck By Turning Vehicles

Exclusive Pedestrian Phasing

Pedestrian Head-Start Phasing

Signalized Intersection Crossing - Right Turn On Red Collisions

Pedestrian-Activated No Turn on Red LED Sign or Red Light Arrow

Mid-Block Crossing

Activation of In-Pavement Crosswalk Lighting

Activation of Overhead Lighting

Activation of LED Warning Signs

Activation of Variable Speed Limit Signs

Activation of High-Intensity Activated Crosswalk Signals

Advancing and Deploying Advanced Technologies for Mid-block Pedestrian Crossings

Pedestrian Crashes On Freeways
Night Pedestrian Recognition and Warning System
Pedestrian Injury Severity

Improved Vehicle Design

In-Vehicle Pedestrian Avoidance Systems: Vehicle Parking Aids

In-Vehicle Pedestrian Sensing System

Pedestrian Night Crashes
Night Vision Enhancement Systems

4. Recommendations For Law Enforcement and Education

Law Enforcement

Automated Enforcement


Positive Feedback for Pedestrians

Public Outreach at the Point of Readiness

Educating Law Enforcement

5. Integration Into National Design Guidelines

American Association of State Highway And Transportation Officials

Federal Highway Administration

6. Conclusions and Recommendations



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Program Contact

Tamiko Burnell


What's New

The FHWA Safety Office is continually developing new materials to assist states, localities and citizens in improving pedestrian and bicycle safety. The materials listed on this page were completed recently.

New Pedestrian Forum – Fall 2014

New Understanding Pedestrian Crashes in Louisville, KY 2006-2010

New Bicycle Safer Journey (Revised 2014)

New Pedestrian Hybrid Beacon Guide

new A Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced Safety

new Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced Safety Research Report

REVISED Pedsafe 2013: Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System

New Pedestrian Safer Journey 2013 (Revised)  

Proven Countermeasures for Pedestrian Safety

Spotlight on Pedestrian Safety

Promoting the Implementation of Proven Pedestrian Countermeasures

State Best Practice Policy for Medians

State Best Practice Policy for Shoulders and Walkways

Pedestrian Countermeasure Policy Best Practice Report

The State of Florida is developing a statewide Pedestrian Safety Action Plan. They have set up a project website that includes information about the project, workshop presentations and resources relating to pedestrian safety.

Evaluating Pedestrian Safety Countermeasures

Safety Benefits of Raised Medians and Pedestrian Refuge Areas: Brochure, Booklet

Safety Benefits of Walkways, Sidewalks, and Paved Shoulders: Brochure, Booklet

Pedestrian Safety Strategic Plan