A Resident's Guide for Creating Safe and Walkable Communities
Links and References
National pedestrian and bicycle clearinghouses
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (initiated and funded by the U.S. Department of Transportation's Federal Highway Administration) hosts several Web sites (http://www.pedbikeinfo.org, http://www.walkinginfo.org, http://www.bicyclinginfo.org, and http://www.pedbikeimages.org) that contain comprehensive information on walking and bicycling issues, and resources for community members and professionals to improve conditions for walking and biking.
http://www.pedbikeinfo.org or 877-925-5245
Active Living by Design (ALBD)The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Active Living by Design (ALBD) program has become a model for establishing community partnerships for active living. The ALBD Resource Center (http://www.activelivingresources.org/index.php) provides technical assistance to create active communities.
http://www.activelivingbydesign.org/index.php?id=4 or 919-843-ALBD (2523)
National Center for Bicycling and Walking (NCBW)
The National Center for Bicycling and Walking provides bicycle and pedestrian advocates and professionals, transportation engineers and planners, public health specialists, and others with easy access to the information, training, tools, and experts they need to foster active living through community design.
http://www.bikewalk.org or 301-656-4220
National Center for Safe Routes to School (NCSRTS)
The National Center for Safe Routes to School aims to assist communities in developing successful Safe Routes programs and strategies. The Center offers information on how to start and sustain a Safe Routes to School program, case studies of successful programs, as well as many other resources.
http://www.saferoutesinfo.org or 866-610-SRTS
National transportation agencies
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Pedestrian and Bicycle Program
The Federal Highway Administration is charged with administering federal funds for transportation improvements, and providing technical assistance to localities implementing pedestrian and bicycle projects and programs. Three Offices in FHWA address pedestrian and bicyclist safety. The Office of Safety and the Office of Safety Research work together to develop tools and technologies to reduce the number of pedestrians and bicyclists killed and injured on our nation's roadways. The Pedestrian and Bicycle Program of FHWA's Office of Human and Natural Environment promotes bicycle and pedestrian transportation accessibility, use, and safety. The FHWA Pedestrian and Bicycle Program issues guidance and is responsible for overseeing that requirements in legislation are understood and met by the states and other implementing agencies.
http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/index.htm or 202-366-4077
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/research/topics/safety/pedbike/ or 202-493-3319
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bikeped/ or 202-366-8044
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's mission is to save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce economic costs due to road traffic crashes through education, research, safety standards, and enforcement activity. The agency collects and publishes state and national crash data, including data on pedestrian and bicycle crashes. NHTSA administers funding to support programs developed and implemented by state traffic safety offices. They also distribute to the general public free educational information and publications focused on many areas of traffic safety, including bicycling, walking, and driving. NHTSA usually communicates through the traffic safety offices rather than directly with neighborhood residents.
http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov or 888-327-4236
National coalitions and alliances
America Walks is a national coalition of local advocacy groups dedicated to promoting walkable communities and helping communities form advocacy groups. America Walks provides a support network for local pedestrian advocacy groups. The group offers advice about how to get started and how to be effective with public officials and engineering and design professionals.
http://www.americawalks.org or 617-367-1170
Thunderhead Alliance is a national coalition of state and local bicycle and pedestrian advocacy organizations. The group's mission is to create, strengthen and unite state and local bicycle and pedestrian advocacy organizations.
http://www.thunderheadalliance.org or 928-541-9841
Safe Communities, a project of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, is a national organization dedicated to creating local community coalitions to prevent motor vehicle injuries, the leading cause of death for each age group from five through 27. As Safe Communities emphasizes, expanded partnerships with representatives of the business community, health community, and government agencies are an important step in creating community involvement to seek solutions. To find out if there is a Safe Communities Coalition in your community, contact your State Office of Traffic Safety.
By working at a national level through grassroots community coalitions, Safe Kids, a campaign that aims to prevent the number one killer of children—unintentional injury—educates adults and children alike, provides safety devices to families in need, works to pass and strengthen laws to empower families and communities, and to protect children ages 14 and under.
http://www.usa.safekids.org or 202-662-0600
Keep Kids Alive Drive 25®
A nonprofit organization founded in the summer of 1998, the Keep Kids Alive Drive 25® is a safety campaign targeting observance of the residential speed limit. In most towns and cities throughout the US, the residential speed limit is 25 mph. Thus the slogan, Keep Kids Alive Drive 25®. The campaign goal is to unite neighborhoods and communities throughout the US with a consistent message about safe driving.
http://www.keepkidsalivedrive25.org or 402-334-1391
Partnership for a Walkable America (PWA)
The goals of the Partnership for a Walkable America are to improve the conditions for walking in America and to increase the number of Americans who walk regularly. Members include national governmental agencies and nonprofit organizations concerned about three main areas: health, safety, and the environment.
http://www.walkableamerica.org or 877-925-5245
Other safety organizations
National Safety Council (NSC)
The National Safety Council is a nonprofit, nongovernmental, international public service organization dedicated to protecting life and promoting health. NSC is a membership organization; members include more than 48,000 businesses, labor organizations, schools, public agencies, private groups, and individuals.
http://www.nsc.org or 630-285-1121
Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA)
This nonprofit association represents the highway safety offices of states and territories. These offices work to change the behavior of drivers and other road users in order to reduce motor vehicle-related deaths and injuries, including those related to pedestrians and bicyclists. GHSA provides a collective voice for the states in working with Congress and federal agencies to address the nation's highway safety challenges.
http://www.ghsa.org or 202-789-0942
Pedestrian-related documents and research
Citizen's Quick Reference Guide to Transportation Decision-Making
This guide provides information on how transportation decisions are made at the local, state, and national levels.
FHWA Hispanic Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety
This Web site includes links to research, materials to convey safety messages to Hispanics, and a marketing plan for communicating issues related to Hispanic pedestrian safety.
PEDSAFE: Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System
PEDSAFE provides practitioners with a list of possible engineering, education, or enforcement treatments to improve pedestrian safety and/or mobility based on user input about a specific location.
BIKESAFE: Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System
BIKESAFE is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who bicycle.
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan
This is a comprehensive guide to provide a framework for state and local agencies to develop and implement a pedestrian safety action plan tailored to their specific problems and needs.
The FHWA Safety Office is continually developing new materials to assist states, localities and citizens in improving pedestrian and bicycle safety. The materials listed on this page were completed recently.
The State of Florida is developing a statewide Pedestrian Safety Action Plan. They have set up a project website that includes information about the project, workshop presentations and resources relating to pedestrian safety.