Good Practices: Incorporating Safety into Resurfacing and Restoration Projects

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U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Highway Administration

December 2006

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The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.

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Technical Documentation Page

1. Report No. FHWA-SA-07-001 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle Good Practices: Incorporating Safety into Resurfacing and Restoration Projects 5. Report Date December 2006
6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)
Mahoney, Kevin M; Julian, Frank; Taylor, Harry W., Jr.
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and AddressData Solutions & Technology Inc. (DST)
9901 Business Parkway, Ste. R
Lanham, MD 20706-1887
(research)Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc (VHB)
8300 Boone Blvd., Ste. 700
Vienna, VA 22182-2626
(editorial and production)
10. Work Unit No.
11. Contract or Grant No. DTFH61-03-C-00111 (DST) DTFH61-05-D-00024 (VHB)
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Office of Safety 400 Seventh Street, SW, HSSD Washington, DC 20590 13. Type of Report and Period Domestic Scan Covered June - August 2005
14. Sponsoring Agency Code FHWA/HSSD
15. Supplementary Notes. The Federal Highway Administration (Office of Safety), the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), and the National Association of County Engineers (NACE) cosponsored this Scan Tour. The Scan Team Members were Ernest J. Blais, Keith Cota, Lawrence B. Hummel, N. Kent Israel, Frank Julian, Bernie Kuta, Kevin M. Mahoney, Susan G. Miller, and Harry W. Taylor, Jr. FHWA Office of Safety Contract Task Order Manager was Debra Chappell.
16. Abstract. Integrating safety improvements into resurfacing and restoration projects is a subject of long-standing interest by Federal, State, and local transportation agencies. A Scan Tour was conducted to identify and subsequently observe good practices in this area. The scan team visited Colorado, Iowa, New York, Pennsylvania, Utah and Washington State. The Scan Team met with each State DOT and county agencies in three States and observed completed projects in all States. Despite wide variations in agency operating environments (e. g., funding levels and flexibility, public expectations, environmental regulations), the report identifies a set of common issues host agencies confronted in developing integrated resurfacing-safety improvement programs, and also observed a set of common success factors.Good practices are reported within institutional and technical categories. Good institutional practices include commitment to integrate safety into pavement preservation projects, establishing a system that allows for multifunded projects (pavement, safety) and allocates cost items by fund, allowing for flexible project development cycles, strengthening State-local relationships, developing an expedient procedure for acquiring minor rights-of-way, and engaging safety experts in the project development process. Good technical practices include identifying targeted safety countermeasures, making selective geometric improvements, installing traffic control devices and guidance features, improving roadsides, and improving private and public access points.
17. Key Words: Pavement; resurfacing; restoration; rehabilitation; preservation; management; preventative maintenance; 1R, 2R; 3R; roadside; rumble strip; rumble stripe; safety enhancements; scan 18. Distribution Statement No restrictions.
19. Security Classif. (of this report) Unclassified 20. Security Classif. (of this page) Unclassified 21. No. of Pages
22. Price

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed pages authorized

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List of Figures

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List of Tables

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Abbreviations and Acronyms

  • 1R Abbreviation for "resurfacing" and generally refers to a category of projects that provide for an asphalt overlay with little or no other work.
  • 2R Abbreviation for "resurfacing, and/or restoration" and generally refers to a category of projects that provide for an asphalt overlay and other minor work.
  • 3R Abbreviation for "resurfacing, restoration, and rehabilitation." Some agencies use this term to describe all projects that provide an overlay of greater than 1.5 inches. Other agencies use the term to describe the projects to which the Federally approved 3R design criteria apply
  • AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
  • ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
  • ADAAG ADA Accessibility Guidelines
  • ADT Average Daily Traffic
  • BHSTE Bureau of Highway Safety and Traffic Engineering (PennDOT)
  • CA Certification Acceptance
  • CDOT Colorado Department of Transportation
  • CRAB County Road Administration Board (Washington State)
  • CRC Van Buren County (Michigan) Road Commission
  • DOT Department of Transportation
  • FHWA Federal Highway Administration
  • GIS Geographic Information Systems
  • HES Hazard Elimination-Safety, a Federal-aid program
  • HSIP Highway Safety Improvement Plan
  • IADOT Iowa Department of Transportation
  • ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-240)
  • ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems
  • LA DOTD Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development
  • LAG Local Agency Guidelines Manual (WSDOT)
  • LCSI Low Cost Safety Improvement, a PennDOT program
  • LOSS Level of Service of Safety. A convention used by CDOT reflecting a relationship between a roadway segment's actual and expected crash frequency and severity for a specific exposure level, measured in annual average daily traffic.
  • LPA Local Public Agency
  • LTAP Local Technical Assistance Program
  • MVM Million Vehicle Miles
  • NACE National Association of County Engineers
  • NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program
  • NPDSE National Pollution Discharge Elimination System
  • NYSDOT New York State Department of Transportation
  • PMS Pavement Management System
  • PennDOT Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
  • PM Preventive Maintenance, as defined by AASHTO as an activity performed to extend the functional condition of the pavement without increasing structural capacity.
  • OSR Operational Safety Review (UDOT)
  • RAP Rural Arterial Program (WSDOT)
  • SPF Safety Performance Functions (CDOT)
  • SIMS Safety Information Management Systems
  • UDOT Utah Department of Transportation
  • WSDOT Washington State Department of Transportation
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