Good Practices: Incorporating Safety into Resurfacing and Restoration Projects
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Table of Contents
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Technical Documentation Page
|1. Report No. FHWA-SA-07-001
||2. Government Accession No.
Recipient's Catalog No.
and Subtitle Good Practices: Incorporating Safety into Resurfacing and
Date December 2006
Performing Organization Code
Mahoney, Kevin M; Julian, Frank; Taylor, Harry W., Jr.
Performing Organization Report No.
Performing Organization Name and AddressData Solutions & Technology Inc. (DST)
9901 Business Parkway, Ste. R
Lanham, MD 20706-1887
(research)Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc (VHB)
8300 Boone Blvd., Ste. 700
Vienna, VA 22182-2626
(editorial and production)
Contract or Grant No. DTFH61-03-C-00111 (DST) DTFH61-05-D-00024 (VHB)
Sponsoring Agency Name and
U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway
Administration (FHWA) Office of Safety
400 Seventh Street, SW, HSSD
of Report and Period Domestic Scan Covered June - August 2005
Sponsoring Agency Code FHWA/HSSD
Notes. The Federal Highway Administration (Office of Safety), the American
Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), and the
National Association of County Engineers (NACE) cosponsored this Scan Tour.
The Scan Team Members were Ernest J. Blais, Keith Cota, Lawrence B. Hummel,
N. Kent Israel, Frank Julian, Bernie Kuta, Kevin M. Mahoney, Susan G. Miller,
and Harry W. Taylor, Jr. FHWA Office of Safety Contract Task Order Manager
was Debra Chappell.
Abstract. Integrating safety improvements into resurfacing and restoration
projects is a subject of long-standing interest by Federal, State, and local
transportation agencies. A Scan Tour was conducted to identify and
subsequently observe good practices in this area. The scan team visited
The Scan Team met with each State DOT and county agencies in three States and
observed completed projects in all States. Despite wide variations in agency
operating environments (e. g., funding levels and flexibility, public
expectations, environmental regulations), the report identifies a set of
common issues host agencies confronted in developing integrated
resurfacing-safety improvement programs, and also observed a set of common
success factors.Good practices are reported within institutional and
technical categories. Good institutional practices include commitment to
integrate safety into pavement preservation projects, establishing a system
that allows for multifunded projects (pavement, safety) and allocates cost
items by fund, allowing for flexible project development cycles,
strengthening State-local relationships, developing an expedient procedure
for acquiring minor rights-of-way, and engaging safety experts in the project
development process. Good technical practices include identifying targeted
safety countermeasures, making selective geometric improvements, installing
traffic control devices and guidance features, improving roadsides, and
improving private and public access points.
Words: Pavement; resurfacing; restoration; rehabilitation; preservation;
management; preventative maintenance; 1R, 2R; 3R; roadside; rumble strip;
rumble stripe; safety enhancements; scan
Distribution Statement No restrictions.
Security Classif. (of this report) Unclassified
Security Classif. (of this page) Unclassified
||21. No. of
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed pages authorized
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List of Figures
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List of Tables
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Abbreviations and Acronyms
- 1R Abbreviation for "resurfacing" and generally refers to a category of projects that provide for an asphalt overlay with little or no other work.
- 2R Abbreviation for "resurfacing, and/or restoration" and generally refers to a category of projects that provide for an asphalt overlay and other minor work.
- 3R Abbreviation for "resurfacing, restoration, and rehabilitation." Some
agencies use this term to describe all projects that provide an overlay of
greater than 1.5 inches. Other agencies use the term to describe the projects
to which the Federally approved 3R design criteria apply
- AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
- ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
ADA Accessibility Guidelines
- ADT Average Daily Traffic
- BHSTE Bureau of Highway Safety and Traffic Engineering (PennDOT)
- CA Certification Acceptance
- CDOT Colorado Department of Transportation
- CRAB County Road Administration Board (Washington State)
- CRC Van Buren County (Michigan) Road Commission
- DOT Department of Transportation
- FHWA Federal Highway Administration
- GIS Geographic Information Systems
- HES Hazard Elimination-Safety, a Federal-aid program
- HSIP Highway Safety Improvement Plan
- IADOT Iowa Department of Transportation
- ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-240)
- ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems
DOTD Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development
- LAG Local Agency Guidelines Manual (WSDOT)
- LCSI Low Cost Safety Improvement, a PennDOT program
- LOSS Level of Service of Safety. A convention used by CDOT reflecting a relationship
between a roadway segment's actual and expected crash frequency and severity
for a specific exposure level, measured in annual average daily traffic.
- LPA Local Public Agency
- LTAP Local Technical Assistance Program
- MVM Million Vehicle Miles
- NACE National Association of County Engineers
- NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program
- NPDSE National Pollution Discharge Elimination System
- NYSDOT New York State Department of Transportation
- PMS Pavement Management System
- PennDOT Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
- PM Preventive Maintenance, as defined by AASHTO as an activity performed to extend
the functional condition of the pavement without increasing structural
- OSR Operational Safety Review (UDOT)
- RAP Rural Arterial Program (WSDOT)
- SPF Safety Performance Functions (CDOT)
- SIMS Safety Information Management Systems
- UDOT Utah Department of Transportation
- WSDOT Washington State Department of Transportation
Safety Design Team Leader
Guidance memorandum on the Roadside Design Guide - 4th Edition NEW!
Memorandum - Roadside Safety Hardware-Federal-Aid Reimbursement Eligibility Process NEW!
2009 MUTCD Compliance Dates Revised NEW!
FHWA Technical Advisory T 5040.40: Center Line Rumble Strips NEW!
FHWA Memo: Technical Advisories for Rumble Strips NEW!
Roadway Departure Safety Implementation Plans
Roadway Departure Countermeasures
Roadside Design: Steel Strong Post W-beam. A guidance memo was issued on May 17, 2010 on the height of guardrail for new installations. Guidance regarding existing guardrail will be developed in the next several months, in consultation with AASHTO’s Technical Committee on Roadside Safety.
Pavement Marking Retroreflectivity Notice of Proposed Rulemaking [HTML, PDF]
MUTCD Text of the Proposed Pavement Marking Retroreflectivity Standard
Summary of the MUTCD Pavement Marking Retroreflectivity Standard
Revised Assessment of Economic Impacts of Pavement Marking Retroreflectivity
Low Cost Treatments for Horizontal Curve Safety
The Safety Edge