Road Safety Audits (RSA)
RSA – Making Your Roads Safer
What is an RSA?
A road safety audit (RSA) is a formal safety performance examination of an existing or future road or intersection by an independent, multidisciplinary team. Just as crime scene investigators focus their attention on the various aspects of a specific locale, RSA teams study a section of road or an intersection from a variety of perspectives. Essentially, the goal is the same: to uncover the root causes of a situation and then suggest actions.
Why conduct an RSA?
The answer is simple – to save lives and reduce injuries on your roads. RSAs are a comprehensive and effective tool for proactively improving the safety performance of a road while it is still in the planning or design stage, or for identifying and mitigating safety concerns on existing roads and intersections.
RSAs are an excellent tool to identify remedies to locations on public roads that are exhibiting the most severe safety needs. State and local agencies and tribal governments have successfully used RSAs to improve safety. Transportation professionals experienced with RSAs are available to share their experiences, answer questions, and help another agency or Tribal Government conduct an RSA through the FHWA RSA Peer-to-Peer program.
What are the benefits of RSAs?
Recently compiled statistics show that RSAs are working and showing measurable results.
In South Carolina after improvements were implemented at one site, the DOT showed a 60% reduction in fatalities in one year at that location.
In Michigan, the Road Improvement Demonstration Program conducted intersection RSAs and implemented improvements. Evaluation of 80 sites showed a 40% reduction in injury crashes collectively and a cost to benefit ratio of 16:1 over ten years.
Other benefits can be found online at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/rsa/.
How can I conduct an RSA?FHWA offers two RSA training courses for transportation professionals in State and local transportation agencies and tribal governments. The first is a 2-day course available through the National Highway Institute (NHI), called Road Safety Audits and Road Safety Audit Reviews, FHWANHI- 380069. Information on course scheduling can be found online at www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov. The second course, RSAs for Locals, is geared toward local agencies, tribal governments, and Federal land management agencies. This course is free and can be presented in 1½ or 2-day formats. Information on course scheduling can be found online at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/rsa/training/
How does an RSA differ from a traditional safety review?
To Do List
___ Schedule RSA Training
___ Use RSA Peer-to-Peer program (To contact the RSA Peer-to-Peer program, e-mail SafetyP2P@dot.gov or call 866-P2P-FHWA.)
___ Use RSA guidelines (http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/rsa/guidelines/)
___ Implement suggestions and evaluate resultsFor more information visit the RSA Website: http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/rsa/
Publication # FHWA-SA-07-009
For more information about this RSA brochure, please contact Heather Rigdon at Heather.Rigdon.email@example.com.
RSAs For Safety
RSA Peer-to-Peer Assistance