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FHWA Home / Safety / HSIP / Railway-Highways Crossing (Section 130) Program

Highway-Railway Grade Crossing Action Plan and Project Prioritization Noteworthy Practices

APPENDIX D. Costs and Benefits of Various Crossing Improvements

There are a wide variety of crossing treatments that will improve crossing safety and may help mitigate blocked crossings. However, the costs of these treatments may vary greatly depending on the specific physical and operating characteristics of a crossing. The chart below provides a list of some of the common infrastructure improvements that reduce the risk of a crossing collision occurring. It also provides typical cost ranges and estimated risk reductions for the improvements.

Improvement Estimated cost range* Effectiveness**
No signs to passive (crossbuck assembly) $500 to $1500 25%
Passive to flashing lights $120,000 to $250,000 64%
Passive to flashing lights with gates $150,000 to $300,000 88%
Flashing lights to flashing lights with gates $150,000 to $250,000 44%
Flashing lights with gates to 4 quadrant gate system $250,000 to $500,000 82%
Flashing lights with gates to flashing lights with gates and medians $30,000 and up depending on construction and right-of-way acquisition 80%
Flashing lights with gates to flashing lights with gates and channelization $15,000 75%
Grade separation $5M - $40M 100%
Closure $25,000 to $100,000 100%

* Based on 2015 dollars.
** The effectiveness of a treatment refers to the expected reduction in the number of highway-railway collisions at a location. It does not reflect a reduction in the severity of collisions or a reduction in the number of fatalities.


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Page last modified on March 3, 2017
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