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FHWA Home / Safety / Intersection / Alternative Intersection Design

Alternative Intersection Design

Technical Implementation & Tools

Advantages of the Split Intersection, Public Roads Magazine, May/June 2000.
As urban and suburban intersections become more congested, a possible remedy to the recurring traffic jam is to separate the grades of the intersecting roads in the form of a diamond interchanges. A more economical intersection treatment is the split intersection. This treatment requires that the major road be separated into two one-way roads comparable to an at-grade diamond junction. The split intersection facilitates smoother traffic flows with less delay, and safety should be improved by reducing congestion and separating the opposing directions of traffic.


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Alternative Intersections and Interchanges Informational Report (AIIR)
This report covers four intersection and two interchange designs that offer substantial advantages over conventional at-grade intersections and grade-separated diamond interchanges. It also provides information on each alternative treatment covering salient geometric design features, operational and safety issues, access management, costs, construction sequencing, environmental benefits, and applicability. The six alternative treatments covered in this report are displaced left-turn (DLT) intersections, restricted crossing U-turn (RCUT) intersections, median U-turn (MUT) intersections, quadrant roadway (QR) intersections, double crossover diamond (DCD) interchanges, and DLT interchanges.

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Page last modified on October 31, 2018
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