U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
"The [intersection] provides walkability. It's more pedestrian friendly."
— Danielle Deneau, P.E.,
Director of Traffic Safety,
Road Commission for Oakland County, MI
This busy intersection experienced lengthy queues of left turning vehicles. The result was congestion that restricted through movements and threatened the safety of a significant number of pedestrians and bicyclists.
Conversion of the intersection to a Median U-Turn to improve access to non-motorized users and increase throughput.
Jeffrey Shaw, P.E.
Mark Doctor, P.E.
Michigan Avenue in East Lansing, MI experiences approximately 10,000 vehicles per day.1 The surrounding area includes a large residential zone and the campus of Michigan State University (MSU), one of the largest universities in the United States.
In addition to experiencing lengthy queues of left turning vehicles, this intersection has significant pedestrian and bicycle traffic, with one of the largest MSU dormitories located near the corner of Michigan Avenue and South Harrison Road. Furthermore, the community had a goal of improving mobility for non-motorized traffic.
This intersection became part of a $6 million multi-stage project to renovate the area's roads. As a result, the Michigan DOT (MDOT) converted the intersection to an MUT both to improve safety for pedestrians and bicyclists as well as to increase traffic flow along the roadway. As part of this project, MDOT designed the Median U-Turn bays to accommodate longer, articulated buses, and constructed a new bus haven on Michigan Avenue. Bike racks are available at each bus stop. Dedicated bike lanes make it easy for bicyclists to navigate the intersection and provide a buffer for stopped buses.
In addition to improving traffic flow, the new MUT resulted in pedestrian and bicycle facility improvements both at signal and mid-block crossings – meeting the community's goals to increase mobility for non-motorized traffic. Because conflicts between pedestrians and turning vehicles are eliminated and the median provides a safe haven for pedestrians and bicyclists, area residents have experienced a safer pedestrian environment. In addition, updated bicycle and transit accommodations have been installed and intersection throughput has been improved.
1 Michigan DOT, Construction Plans, M-43, Old 143, Job Number 113167A, approved December 11, 2012. [ Return to note 1. ]
This Fact Sheet is a companion to the Video Case Study (FHWA-SA-14-049)