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FHWA Home / Safety / Intersection / Strategy C2. Redesign Intersection Approaches

Strategy C2. Redesign Intersection Approaches

NCHRP Report 500 / Volume 12: A Guide for Reducing Collisions at Signalized Intersections

WHERE TO USE

Signalized intersections with safety problems related to sight distance that cannot be addressed with less expensive methods.

Aerial photo of road with a Y-split that has been treated with a newly built road segment that connects the two branches of the Y and a signalized intersection at the connector.

DETAILS

If other less expensive methods cannot be used or are ineffective, horizontal or vertical (or both) realignment of approaches may be a solution. Realigning both of the minor road approaches so that they intersect the major road at a different location, or a different angle, can help address horizontal sight distance issues.

This is a high-cost, longer-term treatment for the intersection, but if completed according to applicable design policy, it should help alleviate crashes related to sight distance. The AASHTO Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets contains sight distance guidelines, and these guidelines should be considered when revising intersection approach geometry.

An intersection leg can be closed or can be made one-way away from the intersection in order to address sight distance issues related to that particular leg. Intersection relocation and closure, elimination of intersection skew, and offsetting of left-turn lanes are all strategies that involve improvements to approach alignment to improve sight distance.

KEY TO SUCCESS

There are significant right-of-way and property access issues involved in this strategy, and public information campaigns are vital to the success of the intersection improvements.

ISSUES

Owners of properties where access would be reduced, especially owners of commercial operations, may oppose this strategy. Thus, careful evaluation of the potential impacts of proposed improvements is needed to avoid or minimize such problems.

TIME FRAME: Long

This strategy requires a long implementation time. At least one year is necessary to work out the details of intersection approach realignment and to communicate the plan to affected businesses owners and residents. Where relocation requires right-of-way acquisition and/or demolition of existing structures, an extensive project development process of up to four years may be required.

COSTS: High

The costs to change the horizontal or vertical alignment of an intersection approach are usually high. Furthermore, additional right-of-way will generally need to be acquired.

EFFECTIVENESS

PROVEN: Implementing any of these strategies should improve safety at signalized intersections. More research is needed to better quantify estimates of crash reduction for these countermeasures.

COMPATIBILITY

This strategy can be used in conjunction with other strategies for improving safety at signalized intersections.

For more details on this and other countermeasures: http://safety.transportation.org




For more information contact:

FHWA Office of Safety Design
E71, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE
Washington, D.C. 20590
(202) 366-9064
http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov

FHWA Resource Center – Safety and Design Team
19900 Governor's Drive, Suite 301
Olympia Fields, IL 60461
(708) 283-3545
https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/resourcecenter

Logo for FHWA and logo for the FHWA Office of Safety, which reads 'Safe Roads for a Safer Future; investment in roadway safety saves lives.'

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Page last modified on September 4, 2014.
Safe Roads for a Safer Future - Investment in roadway safety saves lives
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000