Strategic Intersection Safety Program Guide
Publication No. FHWA-SA-09-004
FHWA Contact: Lawrence J. Brown, HSSD, 202-366-2214
This Strategic Intersection Safety Program Guide has been developed to assist State and local agencies responsible for improving intersection safety. It describes how to plan, develop, implement, and maintain an intersection safety program. The process presented here involves a diverse group of intersection safety stakeholders representing each of the "4Es" (engineering, enforcement, education, and EMS), who work together to identify both intersection needs and treatments in each of these areas. The process involves setting goals, developing action plans, implementing treatments, and evaluating projects. It is adaptable to changing safety needs, and provides a process for changing the strategies to meet those needs over time.
This strategic process steps include:
- Identifying key stakeholder group
- Identifying intersection safety needs
- Adopting strategic intersection safety goals
- Identifying intersection safety actions plans needed
- Developing intersection performance-based goals
- Selecting intersection safety improvement strategies and countermeasures
- Determining implementation priorities
- Selecting candidate sites
- Defining intersection safety projects
- Identifying appropriate funding sources
- Implementing funded projects
- Conducting effectiveness evaluation
The process is a logical planning approach that helps justify and coordinate intersection safety improvement initiatives within and between jurisdictions of any size. At the State level, this process can be used to develop or improve an intersection safety emphasis area for the State's Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP). At the local government level, this process can be used to create an effective program that can both support, and be supported by, their State's SHSP to improve intersection safety across the jurisdiction.
The guide reflects the Federally-recommended SHSP process that may be considered applicable by any jurisdiction for their intersection safety program. Summaries of the overall safety goals, intersection safety goals, and intersection safety strategies contained in the 51 SHSPs in 2008 are provided as an information resource.
The strategic approach for an intersection safety program presented in this guide can help any jurisdiction efficiently and effectively reduce intersection and intersection-related hazards, crashes, and crash-related impacts including fatalities, injuries, and property damage. These potential safety improvements can be maximized by following this data-driven and coordinated approach, which helps jurisdictions prioritize, justify, and implement the projects, strategies, and countermeasures that provide the greatest safety benefits for the specific needs of the jurisdiction.
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