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FHWA Home / Safety / Pedestrian & Bicycle / Pedestrian Safety Strategic Plan: Recommendations for Research and Product Development

Pedestrian Safety Strategic Plan: Recommendations for Research and Product Development


Appendix A. Literature Review References

  1. AASHTO. (2004). AASHTO Guide for the Planning, Design, and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities, 1st Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials. Retrieved from http://www.walkinginfo.org/library/details.cfm?id=2067
  2. Acharjee, S., Kattan, L., & Tay, R. (2009). A Pilot Study on Pedestrian Scramble Operations in Calgary. Presented at the 2009 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  3. Alta Planning & Design. (2005). Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities in California: A Technical Reference and Technology Transfer Synthesis for Caltrans Planners and Engineers. Oakland, CA: Metropolitan Transportation Commission. Retrieved from http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/traffops/survey/pedestrian/TR_MAY0405.pdf
  4. Antonucci, N.D., Hardy, K.K., Slack, K.L., Pfefer, R., & Neuman, T.R. (2004). A Guide for Addressing Crashes at Signalized Intersections. NCHRP Report 500, 12. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  5. Archer, J., Fotheringham, N., Symmons, M., & Corben, B. (2008). Report #276 - The Impact of Lowered Speed Limits in Urban and Metropolitan Areas. Monash University Accident Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.monash.edu.au/muarc/reports/muarc276.html
  6. Austin, D. (2008). Effects of Gasoline Prices on Driving Behavior and Vehicle Markets. Washington, DC: Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved from http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/88xx/doc8893/01-14-GasolinePrices.pdf
  7. Axelson, P.W., Chesney, D.A., Galvan, D.V., Kirschbaum, J.B., Longmuir, P.E., Lyons, C., et al. (1999). Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access, Part I: Review of Existing Guidelines and Practices. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/sidewalks/
  8. Banerjee, I. & Ragland, D.R. (2007). Evaluation of Countermeasures: A Study on the Effect of Impactable Yield Signs Installed at Four Intersections in San Francisco. Presented at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  9. Barton, B.K. & Schwebel, D.C. (2007). The Influences of Demographics and Individual Differences on Children’s Selection of Risky Pedestrian Routes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32(3), 343-353.
  10. Batu, S., Ergenekon, Y., Erbas, D., Akmanoglu, N. (2004). Teaching Pedestrian Skills to Individuals with Developmental Disabilities. Journal of Behavioral Education, 13(3), 147-164. Retrieved from http://www.springerlink.com/content/wqm316474r635322/
  11. Bentzen, B.L., Scott, A.C., & Barlow, J.M. (2006). Accessible Pedestrian Signals: Effect of Device Features. Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Number 1982, 30-37.
  12. Berry, D. S. & Romo, C.V. (2006). Should ‘Cyrus the Centipede’ Take a Hike? Effects of Exposure to a Pedestrian Safety Program on Children’s Safety Knowledge and Self-Reported Behaviors. Journal of Safety Research, 37(4), 333-341. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2006.05.003
  13. Boarnet, M. G., Day, K., Anderson, C., McMillan, T., & Alfonzo, M. (2005). California's Safe Routes to School Program. Journal of the American Planning Association, 71 (3), 301-317. Retrieved from http://www.uctc.net/papers/773.pdf
  14. Bowman, B.L. & Vecellio, R.L. (1994). Investigation of the Impact of Medians on Road Users. (FHWA-RD-93-130). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from http://www.walkinginfo.org/library/details.cfm?id=2675
  15. Boyce, P. & Van Derlofske, J. (2002). Pedestrian Crosswalk Safety: Evaluating In-Pavement, Flashing Warning Lights. (FHWA-NJ-2002-015). Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/19000/19700/19724/Crosswalk_Safety_Report.pdf
  16. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. (2004). Sidewalks Promote Walking. BTS Issue Brief, Number 12. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved from http://www.bts.gov/publications/issue_briefs/number_12/pdf/entire.pdf
  17. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. (2009 – Forthcoming). 2008 National Household Travel Survey. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved from http://nhts.ornl.gov/
  18. Campbell, B. J., Zegeer, C. V., Huang, H. H., & Cynecki, M. J. (2004). A Review of Pedestrian Safety Research in the United States and Abroad. (FHWA-RD-03-042). McLean, Va.: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from http://www.walkinginfo.org/pdf/PedSynth/Ped_Synthesis_Report.pdf
  19. Carter, D. L., Hunter, W. W., Zegeer, C. V., Stewart, J. R., & Huang, H. F. (2006). Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices: Final Report. (FHWA-HRT-06-125). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/safety/pedbike/06125/
  20. Chang, D. (2008). National Pedestrian Crash Report (DOT HS 810 968). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://www.walkinginfo.org/library/details.cfm?id=4396
  21. Christie, N., Ward, H., Kimberlee, R., Towner, E., & Sleney, J. (2007). Understanding High Traffic Injury Risks for Children in Low Socioeconomic Areas: A Qualitative Study of Parents’ Views. Injury Prevention, 13(6), 394-397. Retrieved from http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/13/6/394
  22. Chu, X. & Baltes, M.R. (2001). Pedestrian Mid-Block Crossing Difficulty. Prepared for the Florida Department of Transportation. National Center for Transit Research, University of South Florida. Retrieved from http://www.dot.state.fl.us/Planning/systems/sm/los/pdfs/pedestrian.pdf
  23. Chu, X. (2003). Testing Behavioral Hypotheses on Street Crossing. Presented at the 2003 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board. Retrieved from http://www.dot.state.fl.us/Safety/ped_bike/handbooks_and_research/research/Why%20People%20Cross.pdf
  24. City of Louisville. (2007). Louisville Metro Complete Streets Manual. City of Louisville, KY. Retrieved from http://www.louisvilleky.gov/BikeLouisville/Complete+Streets/
  25. City of Stockton. (2003). Pedestrian Safety and Crosswalk Installation Guidelines. Stockton, CA: Public Works. Retrieved from http://www.stocktongov.com/government/departments/publicWorks/tOpPed.html
  26. Cleven, A. M. & Blomberg, R. D. (2007). A Compendium of NHTSA Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Safety Research Projects, 1969-2007. (DOT HS 810 793). Washington, D.C.: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/DOT/NHTSA/Traffic%20Injury%20Control/Articles/Associated%20Files/HS810793.pdf
  27. Clifton, K. & Krizek, K. (2004). The Utility of the NHTS in Understanding Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel. Retrieved from http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/archive/conferences/nhts/Krizek.pdf
  28. Clifton, K. & Livi, A.D. (2005). Gender Differences in Walking Behavior, Attitudes about Walking, and Perception of the Environment in Three Maryland Communities. Research on Women's Issues in Transportation. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  29. Clifton, K.J., Livi Smith, A.D., & Rodriguez, D. (2007). The Development and Testing of an Audit for the Pedestrian Environment. Landscape and Urban Planning, 80, 95–110.
  30. Clifton, K.J. & Kreamer-Fults, K. (2007). An Examination of the Environmental Attributes Associated with Pedestrian-Vehicular Crashes Near Public Schools. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 39(4), 708-715. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001457506002016
  31. Corben, B.F., Logan, D.B., & Oxley, J.A. (2008). Star Rating School Walking Routes. Report 275. Victoria, Australia: Monash University Accident Research Centre. Retrieved from http://www.monash.edu.au/muarc/reports/muarc275.pdf
  32. Cradock, A. (2009). Factors Associated with Federal Transportation Funding for Local Pedestrian and Bicycle Programming and Facilities. Journal of Public Health Policy, 30, S38-S72.
  33. Dewey, J. F., Demslow, D., Lenze, D., Holt, L., & Lotfinia, B. (2003). Transportation Issues: Pedestrian Safety. University of Florida. Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved from http://www.dot.state.fl.us/research-center/Completed_Proj/Summary_PL/FDOT_BC354_44_Ped_rpt.pdf
  34. Eccles, K. A., Tao, R., & Mangum, B. C. (2004). Evaluation of Pedestrian Countdown Signals in Montgomery County, Maryland. Presented at the 2004 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  35. Ellis, R., Van Houten, R., & Kim, J-L. (2007). In-Roadway "Yield to Pedestrians" Signs: Placement Distance and Motorist Yielding. Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Number 2002, 84-89.
  36. Elvik, R. & Vaa, T. (2004). Handbook of Road Safety Measures. Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier.
  37. Erke, A. & Elvik, R. (2007). Making Vision Zero Real: Preventing Pedestrian Accidents and Making Them Less Severe. Oslo, Norway: Institute of Transport Economics.
  38. Ernst, M. & Shoup, L. (2009). Dangerous by Design. Transportation for America. Washington, D.C. Retrieved from http://t4america.org/docs/dangerousbydesign/dangerous_by_design.pdf
  39. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). (2008). National Rates: Fatalities. Retrieved from http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/Main/index.aspx
  40. Fayish, A.C. & Gross, F. (2009). Safety Effectiveness of Leading Pedestrian Intervals Using the Empirical Bayes Method. Presented at the 2009 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  41. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). (nd). Travel Analysis Framework: Profile of the United States. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://nhts.ornl.gov/2001/pub/Profile_United_States.pdf
  42. Federal Highway Administration. (2009a). Pedestrian & Bicycle Program. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bikeped/
  43. Federal Highway Administration. (2009b). Pedestrian & Bicycle Safety. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/
  44. Federal Highway Administration. (2009c). Pedestrian Forum Newsletter. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/pedforum/
  45. Federal Highway Administration. (2009d). Pedestrian Safety Focus Cities/States Webconference. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/ped_focus/Webinar.cfm
  46. Federal Highway Administration. (2008). Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes. Issue Briefs. (FHWA-SA-014). Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/tools_solve/ped_tctpepc/
  47. Federal Highway Administration. (2007). Traffic Safety Facts: Rural/Urban Comparison. Washington, DC: NHTSA National Center for Statistical Analysis. Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/810996.PDF
  48. Federal Highway Administration. (2006a). Highway Statistics: Finance. Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohim/hs06/finance.htm
  49. Federal Highway Administration. (2006b). Travel Characteristics of New Immigrants. NHTS Brief. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://nhts.ornl.gov/briefs/Immigrant%20Travel.pdf
  50. Federal Highway Administration. (2004). The National Bicycling and Walking Study, Ten Year Status Report. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://www.bicyclinginfo.org/library/details.cfm?id=5
  51. Federal Highway Administration. (2003). Pedestrian Safety Campaign. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/local_rural/pedcampaign/
  52. Federal Highway Administration. (2001). Traffic Safety Facts: Rural/Urban Comparison. Washington, DC: NHTSA National Center for Statistical Analysis. Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/809524.PDF
  53. Federal Highway Administration. (1999). The National Bicycling and Walking Study, Five Year Status Report. Washington, D.C.: Author. Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bikeped/study.htm#s1
  54. Federal Highway Administration. (1994). The National Bicycling and Walking Study: Transportation Choices for a Changing America. Washington, DC: Author.
  55. Federal Transit Administration. Grants and Financing: Historical Data. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://www.fta.dot.gov/funding/data/grants_financing_1090.html
  56. Fitzpatrick, K., Turner, S., Brewer, M., Carlson, P., Ullman, B., Trout, N., et al. (2006). Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings. ( TCRP Report 112/NCHRP Report 562). Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board. Retrieved from http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_w91.pdf
  57. Fitzpatrick, K. & Park, E.S. (2009). Safety Effectiveness of the Hawk Pedestrian Treatment. Presented at the 2009 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  58. Foley, D.J., Heimovitz, H.K., Guralnik, J.M., & Brock D.B. (2002). Driving Life Expectancy of Persons Aged 70 Years and Older in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 92(8), 1284-1289.
  59. Frey, W.H. (2007). Mapping the Growth of Older America: Seniors and Boomers in the Early 21st Century.Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. Retrieved from http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2007/0612demographics_frey/0612demographics_frey.pdf
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  63. Gates, T.J., Noyce, D.A., Bill, A.R., & Van Ee, N. (2006). Recommended Walking Speeds for Timing of Pedestrian Clearance Intervals Based on Characteristics of the Pedestrian Population. Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Number 1982. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
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