U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
|400 Seventh St., S.W.|
Washington, D.C. 20590
Refer To: HSA-10/WZ-99
Mr. Grant Dicke
Dicke Tool Company
1201 Warren Avenue
P.O. Box 518
Downers Grove, IL 60515
Dear Mr. Dicke:
Thank you for your letter of August 27 requesting Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) acceptance of your company’s DF-4503 and SLIP-60 portable sign systems as crashworthy traffic control devices for use in work zones on the National Highway System (NHS). Accompanying your letter was a preliminary report of crash testing conducted by Midwest Roadside Safety Facility and a video of the tests. You requested that we find these devices acceptable for use on the NHS under the provisions of National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 350 “Recommended Procedures for the Safety Performance Evaluation of Highway Features.”
The FHWA guidance on crash testing of work zone traffic control devices is contained in two memoranda. The first, dated July 25, 1997, titled “INFORMATION: Identifying Acceptable Highway Safety Features,” established four categories of work zone devices: Category I devices were those lightweight devices which could be self-certified by the vendor, Category II devices were other lightweight devices which needed individual crash testing, Category III devices were barriers and other fixed or massive devices also needing crash testing, and Category IV devices were trailer mounted lighted signs, arrow panels, etc. The second guidance memorandum was issued on August 28, 1998, and is titled “INFORMATION: Crash Tested Work Zone Traffic Control Devices.” This later memorandum lists devices that are acceptable under Categories I, II, and III.
A brief description of the devices follows:
(Systems 56 and 57, Test No. D-29) DF-4503 Stand - A heavy duty, double torsion spring mounted portable sign support with a 1219 x 1219 mm sign mounted at a height of 1518 mm from the ground and with three wood-staffed flags at a height of 3778 mm. This stand supported a RUR48 reflective vinyl roll up sign. Tested at both 90 degrees and head-on.
(Systems 60 and 61, Test No. D-31) SLIP-60 Stand. A rigid mounted portable sign support with a 1219 x 1219 mm sign mounted at a height of 1613 mm from the ground. This stand features a three-bolt slip base mechanism to enhance performance. It supported a 2.00 mm thick aluminum sign. Tested at both 90 degrees and head-on with an EMPCO type “B” light mounted to the type of the vertical mast. Height to top of light 3473 mm.
(Systems 62 and 63, Test No. D-32) SLIP-60 Stand. A rigid mounted portable sign support with a 1219 x 1219 mm sign mounted at a height of 1638 mm from the ground. This stand is the same as the SLIP- 60 tested as systems 60 and 61 except that no warning light was attached to the top supported a 2.00 mm thick aluminum sign. Tested at both 90 degrees and head-on.
Full-scale automobile testing was conducted on your company’s devices. Two stand-alone examples of the device were tested in tandem, one turned 90 degrees and the next placed six meters downstream struck head-on, as called for in our guidance memoranda. The complete device as tested is shown in Enclosure 1. The crash test is summarized in the table below:
1219 x 1219 mm
1219 x 1219 mm
2 mm aluminum
1219 x 1219 mm
2 mm aluminum
|Height to Sign Bottom||1518 mm (60 in)||1613 mm (60 in)||1651 mm (65 in)|
|Height to Sign Top||3239 mm||3277 mm||3300 mm (130 in)|
|Flags or lights||With flags||Empco Light||None|
|Test Article Mass||20.5 kg||32 kg||30.6 kg|
|Total Mass of Ballast||none||250 kg||250 kg|
|Vehicle Inertial Mass||897 kg||897 kg||883 kg|
|Impact Speed, Head-on||104.5 km/hr||88.9 km/hr||97.8 km/hr|
|Impact Speed, 90 Deg.||107.7 km/hr||107.8 km/hr||101.5 km/hr|
|Velocity Change*||0.89 m/sec||5.25 m/sec||1.02 m/sec|
|Vehicle crush||Minor cracks, scrapes on bumper and roof||Minor damage to bumper and lights||Minor roof deformation|
* Velocity change of vehicle was measured after striking both test articles. In test D-30 the brakes malfunctioned between impacts so the “velocity change” shown above does not reflect the action of the test article.
Damage was limited to dents on the bumper, grill, hood, and roof. There was no windshield damage nor passenger compartment intrusion due to the test articles. The results of the testing met the FHWA requirements and, therefore, the devices described above and shown in the enclosed drawings for reference are acceptable for use on the NHS under the range of conditions tested, when proposed by a State.
Please note the following standard provisions which apply to FHWA letters of acceptance:
Dicke Tool sign stands may include patented components and if so are considered "proprietary." The use of proprietary work zone traffic control devices in Federal-aid projects is generally of a temporary nature. They are selected by the contractor for use as needed and removed upon completion of the project. Under such conditions they can be presumed to meet requirement "a" given below for the use of proprietary products on Federal-aid projects. On the other hand, if proprietary devices are specified for use on Federal-aid projects, except exempt, non-NHS projects, they: (a) must be supplied through competitive bidding with equally suitable unpatented items; (b) the highway agency must certify that they are essential for synchronization with existing highway facilities or that no equally suitable alternative exists or; (c) they must be used for research or for a distinctive type of construction on relatively short sections of road for experimental purposes. Our regulations concerning proprietary products are contained in Title 23, Code of Federal Regulations, Section 635.411, a copy of which is enclosed.
Michael L. Halladay
Acting Program Manager, Safety