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1. Kochanek, K., Murphy, S., Xu, J., and Tejada-Vera, B. National Vital Statistics Reports; Volume 65, Number 4: Deaths: Final Data for 2014. Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, June 30, 2016.

2. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Center for Statistics and Analysis. 2015 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview. Traffic Safety Facts Research Note No. DOT HS 812 318, August 2016.

3. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and Highway Loss Data Institute. Large Trucks: Fatality Facts. http://www.iihs.org/iihs/topics/t/large-trucks/fatalityfacts/large-trucks. Accessed March 12, 2016.

4. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Analysis Division. Large Truck and Bus Crash Facts 2014. Publication No. FMCSA-RRA-16-001, March 2016. https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/sites/fmcsa.dot.gov/files/docs/Large-Truck-and-Bus-Crash-Facts-2014percent28Aprilpercent202016percent29.pdf. Accessed August 23, 2016.

5. FleetOwner. Trucking by the Numbers 2016: Trucking Snapshot. August 5, 2016. http://fleetowner.com/fleet-management/trucking-numbers-2016-trucking-snapshot. Accessed August 23, 2016.

6. Monahan, S., Ward, J., Zimmerman, M., Brogan, J., and Gutierrez, H. CSCMP's Annual State of Logistics Report: Logistics in Transition: New Drivers at the Wheel. AT Kearney, Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals, July 2016.

7. U.S. Department of Transportation. National Freight Strategic Plan, Draft for Public Comment. October 2015. https://www.transportation.gov/sites/dot.gov/files/docs/DRAFT_NFSP_for_Public_Comment_508_10percent2015percent2015percent20v1.pdf. Accessed June 18, 2016.

8. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic Safety Facts for Large Trucks, 2014 Data. Publication No. DOT HS 812 279, May 2016.

9. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics 2014. 2016.

10.  Federal Highway Administration. Understanding Traffic Variations by Vehicle Classifications. FHWA-RD-98-117, August 1998. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/infrastructure/pavements/ltpp/98117/98117.pdf. Accessed June 18, 2016.

11.  Knipling, R., Waller, P., Peck, R., Pfefer, R., Neuman, T., Slack, K., and Hardy, K. NCHRP Report 500: Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan; Volume 13: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Heavy Trucks. Transportation Research Board, 2004.

12.  Pratt, M.P., Geedipally, S.R., Pike, A.M., Carlson, P.J., Celoza, A.M., and Lord, D. Evaluating the Need for Surface Treatments to Reduce Crash Frequency on Horizontal Curves. Report FHWA/TX-14/0-6714-1, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, 2014.

13.  Savolainen, P.T., Reddy, V., Santos, P.E., Joseph, B., and Datta, T.K. Evaluation of a High Friction Pavement Surface Treatment. Transportation Research Board 88th Annual Meeting, No. 09-1973, 2009.

14.  Federal Highway Administration. High Friction Surface Treatments. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/innovation/everydaycounts/edc-2/hfst.cfm. Accessed July 27, 2016.

15.  The Transtec Group. Pavement Treatment Reduces Crashes, 2014. http://www.thetranstecgroup.com/fhwa-video-pavement-treatment-reduces-crashes/ Accessed July 27, 2016. Used with permission.

16.  Firestine, M., McGee, H., and Toeg, P. Improving Truck Safety at Interchanges, Summary Report. Report FHWA-IP-89-024, Federal Highway Administration, 1989.

17.  Stein, W., and Neuman, T. Mitigation Strategies for Design Exceptions. FHWA-SA-07-011, Federal Highway Administration, 2007.

18.  Glennon, J., Neuman, T., McHenry, R., and McHenry, B. HVOSM Studies of Cross-Slope Breaks on Highway Curves. Report FHWA-RD-82-054, Federal Highway Administration, 1981.

19.  National Transportation Safety Board. Highway Accident Report: Rollover of a Truck-Tractor and Cargo Tank Semitrailer Carrying Liquefied Petroleum Gas and Subsequent Fire. NTSB/HAR-11/01 PB2011-916201, October 22, 2009.

20.  Blatt, A., Majka, K., and Schock, S. Motorcoach Roadway Safety Assessment Tool Final Report. Report FHWA-SA-14-104, Federal Highway Administration, 2014.

21.  Griffith, Michael S. Memorandum: Geometric Design Considerations for Prevention of High Center of Gravity Commercial Vehicle Rollover – NTSB Recommendations Resulting from 2009 Indianapolis, IN Crash. Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety, November 30, 2012.

22.  American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Roadside Design Guide, 4th Edition. 2011.

23.  Fwa, T.F. The Handbook of Highway Engineering. Taylor and Frances, 2005.

24.  Ross, Jr., H.E., Sicking, D.L., Zimmer, R.A., and Michie, J.D. NCHRP Report 350: Recommended Procedures for the Safety Performance Evaluation of Highway Features. Transportation Research Board, 1993.

25.   American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware. 2009.

26.  Torbic, D., Hutton, J., Bokenkroger, C., Bauer, K., Harwood, D., Gilmore, D., Dunn, J., Ronchetto, J., Donnell, E., Sommer, H., Garvey, P., Persaud, B., Lyon, C. NCHRP Report 641: Guidance for the Design and Application of Shoulder and Centerline Rumble Strips. Transportation Research Board, 2009.

27.  Fontaine, M.D. Engineering and Technology Measures to Improve Large Truck Safety: State of the Practice in Virginia. Technical Assistance Report No. VTRC 03-TAR13. Virginia Transportation Research Council, 2003.

28.  Smadi, O., and Hawkins, N. NCHRP Synthesis 490: Practice of Rumble Strips and Rumble Stripes. Transportation Research Board, 2016.

29.  Hughes, W., Jagannathan, R. and Gross, F. Two Low-Cost Safety Concepts for Two-Way STOP-Controlled, Rural Intersections on High-Speed Two-Lane, Two-Way Roadways Report No. FHWA-HRT-08-063. Federal Highway Administration. Figure 9. 2008. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/safety/08063/ Accessed July 27, 2016.

30.  Anund, A., Kircher, A., and Tapani, A. The Effect of Milled Rumble Strips versus Virtual Rumble Strips on Sleepy Drivers: A Driving Simulator Study. Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, 2009.

31.  Halvorson, B. IIHS: Avoidance Systems Could Cut Fatal Crashes by One-Third. The Car Connection, 2010. http://www.thecarconnection.com/news/1045508_iihs-avoidance-systems-could-cut-fatal-crashes-by-one-third. Accessed July 27, 2016. Photo © Nissan. Nissan, Nissan and Infiniti model names and the Nissan and Infiniti logos are registered trademarks of Nissan.

32.  Abdelwahab, W., and Morral, J.F. Determining Need for and Location of Truck Escape Ramps. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 123, No. 5, 1997, pp. 350–356.

33.  Witheford, D. NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice 178: Truck Escape Ramps. Transportation Research Board, 1992.

34.  Truck Forensics. Runaway Truck Crashes. http://www.crashforensics.com/mountaingradecrashes.cfm. Accessed July 30, 2016.

35.  Atkinson, J., Bauer, J., Myers, M., Swisher, M., Hunt, K., Mullins, K., Rensel, E., Taylor, R. Designing for Transportation Management and Operations: A Primer. Report No. FHWA-HOP-13-013, Federal Highway Administration. 2013.

36.  Douglas, J.G. Handbook for Planning Truck Facilities on Urban Highways. Parsons Brinckerhoff, 2004.

37.  New York State Thruway Authority and Canal Corporation. Highway Improvements Report: Tappan Zee Bridge/I-287 Corridor Project. http://www.newnybridge.com/documents/brt/dhir.pdf. Accessed July 29, 2016.

38.  Missouri Department of Transportation. Shared Four Lane Brochure. http://www.modot.org/Shared4-Lane/documents/SharedFourLaneBrochure.pdf. Accessed July 27, 2016.

39.  Douglas, J.G., Handbook for Planning Truck Facilities on Urban Highways. Monograph No. 15, 1999 William Barclay Parsons Foundation (June 2002). Courtesy of WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff.

40.  Collier, T. and Goodin, G. Managed lanes: A cross-cutting study. Report No. FHWA-HOP-05-037. Federal Highway Administration, 2004. Exhibit 4. http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freewaymgmt/publications/managed_lanes/crosscuttingstudy/chapter2.htm. Accessed July 27, 2016.

41.  Middleton, D., Venglar, S., Quiroga, C., Lord, D., and Jasek, D.L. Strategies for Separating Trucks from Passenger Vehicles. No. FHWA/TX-07/0-4663-2, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, 2006.

42.  Cambridge Systematics. NCHRP Report 649/NCFRP Report 3: Separation of Vehicles: CMV-Only Lanes. Transportation Research Board, 2010.

43.  Federal Highway Administration. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, 2009 Edition with Revisions. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2009r1r2/pdf_index.htm. Accessed July 27, 2016.

44.  Albin, R., Brinkly, V., Cheung, J., Julian, F., Satterfield, C., Stein, W., Donnell, E., McGee, H., Holzem, A., Albee, M., Wood, J., and Hanscom, F. Low-Cost Treatments for Horizontal Curve Safety. 2016. Report No. FHWA-SA-15-084. , Federal Highway Administration, 2016. http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/roadway_dept/horicurves/fhwasa15084/index.cfm. Accessed July 18, 2016.

45.  Rose, E.R., and Ullman, G.L. Evaluation of Dynamic Speed Display Signs (DSDS). Report No. FHWA/TX-04/0-4475-1, Texas Department of Transportation, 2003.

46.  Lin, P.W., K.P. Kang, and G.L. Chang. Exploring the effectiveness of Variable Speed Limit Controls on Highway Work-Zone Operations. Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2004, pp. 155–168.

47.  Monsere, C., Nolan, C., Bertini, R., Anderson, E., and El-Seoud, T. Measuring the Impacts of Speed Reduction Technologies: Evaluation of Dynamic Advanced Curve Warning System. Transportation Research Record, No. 1918, 2005, pp. 98–107.

48.  Strickland, R.R., and McGee, H.W. Evaluation Results of Three Prototype Automatic Truck Rollover Warning Systems. Paper presented at the 77th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., January 1998.

49.  Janson, B. Evaluation of Downhill Truck Speed Warning System on I-70 West of Eisenhower Tunnel. Colorado Department of Transportation, December 1999.

50.  Taylor, B., and Bergan, A. In Colorado, a Down Hill Truck Speed Warning System Installed on I-70 Reduced Runaway Ramp Usage by 24 Percent and Contributed to a 13 Percent Drop in Crashes Involving Trucks and Excessive Speeds. Intelligent Transport Systems, May 1997. http://www.benefitcost.its.dot.gov/its/benecost.nsf/e0d7d9aebb5302168525684e00608ed6/34e747d6b0a2e34a852569610051e2aa?OpenDocument. Accessed August 3, 2016.

51.  Middleton, D., Longmire, R., Charara, H., Bonneson, J., Geedipally, S., and Ko, M. Field Evaluation of Detection-Control System. Report FHWA-HRT-14-058, Federal Highway Administration, 2015.

52.  Charlton, S.G. The Role of Attention in Horizontal Curves: A Comparison of Advance Warning, Delineation, and Road Marking Treatments. Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 39, No. 5, 2007, pp.873–885.

53.  Charlton, S.G. Conspicuity, Memorability, Comprehension, and Priming in Road Hazard Warning Signs. Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 38, No. 3, 2006, pp. 496–506.

54.  Chrysler, S.T., and Schrock, S.D. Field Evaluations and Driver Comprehension Studies of Horizontal Signing. Report FHWA/TX-05/0-4471-2, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, 2005.

55.  Chitturi, M., Noyce, D., Santiago-Chaparro, K., and Alsghan, I. Evaluation of Elongated Pavement Marking Signs. Federal Highway Administration Traffic Control Devices Pooled Fund Study, 2014.

56.  Arnold, E.D., and Lantz, K.E. Evaluation of Best Practices in Traffic Operations and Safety: Phase I: Flashing LED Stop Sign and Optical Speed Bars. No. FHWA/VTRC 07-R34, Virginia Transportation Research Council, 2007.

57.  Use of Horizontal Pavement Markings, Report No. TE-336, 2005. http://www.virginiadot.org/business/resources/traffic_engineering/memos/TE-336_Horizontal_Pavement_Markiings_M1-1_Rte_Shield.pdf Accessed July 27, 2016.

58.  Carlson, P. and Wagner, J. An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Wider Edge Line Pavement Markings. Texas A&M Transportation Institute, 2012.

59.  Miles, J.D., Carlson, P.J., Eurek, R., Re, J., and Park, E. Evaluation of Potential Benefits of Wider and Brighter Edge Line Pavement Markings. Report FHWA/TX-10/0-5862-1, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, 2010.

60.  Avelar, R.E., and Carlson, P.J. Characterizing the Combined Association of Edge Line and Center Line Retroreflectivity to Nighttime Crashes on Michigan Rural Two-Lane Highways. Transportation Research Record, publication pending.

61.  Gates, T.J., Hawkins, H.G., and Rose, E.R. Effective Pavement Marking Materials and Applications for Portland Cement Concrete Roadways. Report FHWA/TX-03/4150-2, 2003.

62.  Carlson, P.J., Miles, J.D., Pike, A.M., and Park, E.S. Evaluation of Wet-Weather and Contrast Pavement Marking Applications: Final Report. No. FHWA/TX-07/0-2008-2, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, 2007.

63.  Brewer, M., Murillo, D., and Pate, A. Handbook for Designing Roadways for the Aging Population. Report No. FHWA-SA-14-015. Federal Highway Administration. June 2014.

64.  Brydia B. Getting information to drivers to improve awareness, safety. Texas Transportation Researcher, Vol. 49, No. 4, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, 2013. http://tti.tamu.edu/2013/12/01/getting-information-to-drivers-to-improve-awareness-safety/ Accessed July 27, 2016.

65.  Goodwin, L. and Pisano, P. Best Practices for Road Weather Management. Report No. FHWA-OP-03-081, Federal Highway Administration, 2003.

66.  Elkins, H. B. Millennium Highway: The New I-26 Virtual Tour. Webpage: http://www.millenniumhwy.net/I-26_tour/page5.html. Accessed July 27, 2016. Used with permission from the photographer.

67.  Orr, B. "Wyoming wind not abnormal but the timing is." Wyoming Tribune Eagle, February 21, 2016, Cheyenne, WY. http://www.wyomingnews.com/news/wyoming-wind-is-not-abnormal-but-the-timing-is/article_d4e36db4-d865-11e5-a227-5f14f6ebad26.html Accessed July 27, 2016.

68.  Horton, S., Segev, E., and Meltzer, N. FMCSA Safety Program Effectiveness Measurement: Roadside Intervention Effectiveness Model, Fiscal Year 2012. Report No. RRA-15-013, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. 2016.

69.  Erica Gies. Putting U.S. Trucking on a Diet. The New York Times, May 19, 2008. http://www.shorepower.com/docs/nytimesapr.pdf. Accessed July 30, 2016.

70.  Garber, N.J., and Wang, H. Estimation of the Demand for Commercial Truck Parking on Interstate Highways in Virginia. No. FHWA/VTRC 04-R10, Virginia Transportation Research Council. 2004.

71.  Negus, B. European Truck Parking App Proves Popular. Highway Engineering Australia, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2004, pp. 24.

72.  Chachich, A., and Smith, S. Smart Park: Truck Parking Field Operation Test Results. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, 2011.

73.  HNTB. Truck Parking Information and Management System. http://www.hntb.com/Projects/Smart-Truck-Parking. Accessed July 27, 2016. Photo courtesy HNTB Corporation.

74.  Green, J., Nichols, A., Allen, E., Nuber, L., Thomaz, J., Bullock, D., Boruff, G., Wasson, J., and Newland, M. Virtual Weigh Stations. No. FHWA/IN/JTRP-2001/09, Joint Transportation Research Program, Purdue University. 2002.

75.  Russell, Sr., E.R., and Landman, E.D. Optimizing the Analysis of Routing Oversize/Overweight Loads to Provide Efficient Freight Corridors. No. K-TRAN: KSU-11-4, Kansas State University Transportation Center, 2012.

76.  Lord, D., Middleton, D., and Whitacre, J. Does Separating Trucks from Other Traffic Improve Overall Safety? Transportation Research Record, No. 1922, 2005, pp. 156–166.

77.  Fontaine, M., Bhamidipati, C., and Dougald, L. Safety Impact of Truck Lane Restrictions on Multilane Freeways. Transportation Research Record, Vol. 2096, 2009, pp. 25–32.

78.  Bureau of Transportation Statistics. DOT Releases 30-Year Freight Projections. http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/press_releases/bts013_16. Accessed October 11, 2016.

79.  U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Transportation, and U.S. Department of Labor. Strengthening Skills Training and Career Pathways across the Transportation Industry: Data Report on Future Transportation Workforce Needs. August 2015.

80.  Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Electronic Logging Devices. https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/hours-service/elds/electronic-logging-devices. Accessed April 6, 2017.

81.  Reiskin, Jonathan. 150 U.S. Carrier Bankruptcies Idle 4,510 Trucks in 4th Quarter. Transport Topics. March 20, 2017.

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