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FHWA Home / Safety / HSIP / State Safety Targets

Safety Performance Management (Safety PM)

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State Safety Performance Targets


Here you will find information on the Highway Safety Improvement Program's (HSIP) safety performance management measures and State safety performance targets.

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) published the Safety PM Final Rule in the Federal Register on March 15, 2016, with an effective date of April 14, 2016.

Performance management is a critical element in roadway safety and is measured by the number of lives lost and serious injuries sustained on our Nation's roadways. The State's safety performance targets will help improve data, foster transparency and accountability, and allow safety progress to be tracked at the national and State level. States use the safety performance management framework to assist them in making progress toward improving road safety through the HSIP, which requires a data-driven, strategic approach to improving highway safety through performance.

States are required to set annual safety performance targets in the HSIP Report. The annual measures States set targets for include:

  • Number of fatalities (The total number of persons suffering fatal injuries in a motor vehicle crash during a calendar year).
  • Rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT) (The ratio of total number of fatalities to the number of vehicle miles traveled (VMT expressed in 100 Million VMT) in a calendar year).
  • Number of serious injuries (The total number of persons suffering at least one serious injury in a motor vehicle crash during a calendar year).
  • Rate of serious injuries per 100 million VMT (The ratio of total number of serious injuries to the number of VMT (VMT expressed in 100 Million VMT) in a calendar year).
  • Number of non-motorized fatalities and number of non-motorized serious injuries combined (The combined total number of non-motorized fatalities and non-motorized serious injuries involving a motor vehicle during a calendar year).

There are three common measures (Number of fatalities; Rate of Fatalities per VMT and Number of serious injuries) that require States to set identical targets for NHTSA's Highway Safety Grants Program in the State's Highway Safety Plan and FHWA's Highway Safety Improvement Program. This requirement allows States to align their safety performance targets and work collaboratively to achieve them.

State Safety Performance Targets

FHWA shares the vision that zero fatalities on our Nation's roadways is the only acceptable goal. FHWA also recognizes that reaching zero fatalities will require time and significant effort by everyone. The State's annual safety performance targets represent an important step in helping States work toward the ultimate goal of eliminating traffic deaths and serious injuries. The safety performance targets portrayed on this website are considered interim performance levels that make progress toward the long-term goal of zero fatalities.

The safety performance targets are provided by the States, address calendar year 2018 and are based on a 5-year rolling average (2014-2018). FHWA does not prescribe a methodology for States to set their annual safety performance targets. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate. The agency encourages States to review data sets and trends and consider factors that may affect targets. The safety performance targets should be data-driven, realistic, and attainable and should align with the performance management framework and legislative intent.

State Target Achievement

FHWA will determine whether a State has met or made significant progress toward its 2018 safety performance targets at the end of the following calendar year when target-year data is available (approximately December 2019) and report findings to States and the public by March 2020. A State is considered to have met or made significant progress when at least four out of the five safety performance targets are met or the actual outcome for the safety performance target is better than baseline performance.

Directions: Click on a State to view their safety targets.

Please note: FHWA posted baseline data States submitted in their HSIP reports to help bring context to their safety performance targets. This data may result in some discrepancies among published DOT safety data due to data sources and reporting years used when establishing the safety performance targets..

Page last modified on July 27, 2018
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