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FHWA Home / Safety / State Policies and Procedures on Use of the Highway Safety Manual

State Policies and Procedures on Use of the Highway Safety Manual

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Federal Highway Administration
Office of Safety
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590


United States Department of Transportation Logo

September 2016


This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers' names may appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes for continuous quality improvement.

Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.


2. Government Accession No.

3. Recipient's Catalog No.

4. Title and Subtitle

State Policies and Procedures on Use of the Highway Safety Manual

5. Report Date

September 2016

6. Performing Organization Code

7. Author(s)

Robert E. Hull, P.E.
Elizabeth Wemple, P.E.
Joseph Fish
Kimberly Kolody Silverman, P.E.
Dante Perez-Bravo

8. Performing Organization Report No.

9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Cambridge Systematics, Inc.
555 12th Street, Suite 1600
Oakland, CA 94607

8501 West Higgins Road, Suite 300
Chicago, IL 60631-2801

10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)

11. Contract or Grant No.


12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

Federal Highway Administration
Office of Safety
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Informational Report, September 2015 to September 2016

14. Sponsoring Agency Code


15. Supplementary Notes

The FHWA task managers for this report were Ray Krammes and Jerry Roche. The Highway Safety Manual Implementation Pooled-Fund Study (TPF-5(255)) funded this project. Pooled-fund State representatives served as reviewers.

16. Abstract

The 2010 publication of the Highway Safety Manual (HSM), 1st Edition, by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) was an important milestone in advancing the quality of safety analyses supporting highway investment decision making. One impediment to progress that will be addressed in this informational report is the lack of State policy on the use of the HSM in those processes. The States participating in the HSM Implementation Pooled-Fund Study (TPF-5(255)) identified the need for a compilation and synthesis of existing State policies and development of sample policy and procedures language covering a range of activities in which use of the HSM would be beneficial. The State Policies and Procedures on Use of the Highway Safety Manual Informational Report was created to present sample language as generalized statements adapted from noteworthy examples of existing language in State DOT manuals and policies. For States in which integrating the HSM into typical agency practices has been slower than desired, the informational report provides a starting point that can accelerate efforts to develop and adopt policies and procedures to support implementation of the HSM.

17. Key Words

Highway Safety Manual, policy, procedure, transportation planning, programming, design, engineering, design exception, operations, maintenance, safety management, predictive method, Louisiana, Washington.

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions.

19. Security Classif. (of this report)


20. Security Classif. (of this page)


21. No. of Pages


22. Price


Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72)                                         Reproduction of completed pages authorized

Table of Contents


Organization of the Report
Sample Language Terminology
Policy Statements and Guidance/Procedure Language Format

Sample Language

Highway Safety Manual in Planning and Programming
Highway Safety Manual in Engineering and Design
Highway Safety Manual in Operations and Maintenance
Roadway Safety Management Process

Case Studies



Highway Safety Manual Tools
Source Information and Links
Additional Sources

List of Tables

Table 1. Highway Safety Manual tools.

List of Figures

Figure 1. Chart. Roadway safety management process.

List of Abbreviations

3R – Resurfacing, restoration, and rehabilitation

AJR – Access Justification Reports

AASHTO – American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials

B/C – Benefit/cost

CMF – Crash Modification Factor

DelDOT – Delaware Department of Transportation

DOT – Department of Transportation

ECAT – Economic Crash Analysis Tool

EIS – Environmental Impact Statement

FHWA – Federal Highway Administration

FDOT – Florida Department of Transportation

GDOT – Georgia Department of Transportation

HSIP – Highway Safety Improvement Program

HSM – Highway Safety Manual

IDOT – Illinois Department of Transportation

INDOT – Indiana Department of Transportation

IHSDM – Interactive Highway Safety Design Model

ISATe – Enhanced Interchange Safety Analysis Tool

ICA – Intersection Control Analysis

ICE – Intersection Control Evaluation

LADOTD – Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development

LHSC – Louisiana Highway Safety Commission

LSP – Louisiana State Police

MUTCD – Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices

MoDOT – Missouri Department of Transportation

NCHRP – National Cooperative Highway Research Program

NEPA – National Environmental Policy Act

NHDOT – New Hampshire Department of Transportation

NYSDOT – New York State Department of Transportation

ODOT – Ohio Department of Transportation

PennDOT – Pennsylvania Department of Transportation

PRR – Preservation/rehabilitation/replacement

RSA – Road Safety Assessment

SRI – Safer Roads Index

SPF – Safety Performance Function

SHSP – Strategic Highway Safety Plan

TIA – Traffic Impact Analyses

TRB – Transportation Research Board

VDOT – Virginia Department of Transportation

WSDOT – Washington State Department of Transportation

WSP – Washington State Patrol

WTSC – Washington Traffic Safety Commission

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