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FHWA Home / Safety / Local and Rural Road / Intersection Safety: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners

Intersection Safety: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners

Table of Contents

Appendix A - Resources and References

This section contains references to further information on the types of countermeasures available, studies and technical reports on local rural roads and intersections, and guidelines used for countermeasure installation.

Selected Technical Resources

Federal Highway Administration, "Intersection Safety" website. Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/

Federal Highway Administration, "Rural Intersection Safety" website. Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/rural

Federal Highway Administration, "Unsignalized Intersection Safety" website. Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/conventional/unsignalized/

Federal Highway Administration, "Low-Cost Safety Enhancements for Stop-Controlled and Signalized Intersections," FHWA-SA-09-020. (Washington, DC: 2009). Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/resources/fhwasa09020/

Federal Highway Administration, "Objectives and Strategies for Improving Safety at Unsignalized and Signalized Intersections," (Washington, DC: 2008). Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/resources/intsafestratbro/inter_guide_key.cfm

Federal Highway Administration, "Intersection Safety Strategies Brochure," FHWA-SA-08-008 (Washington, DC: 2008). Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/resources/intsafestratbro/#ue

Federal Highway Administration, "Objectives and Strategies for Improving Safety at Unsignalized and Signalized Intersections" (Washington, DC: 2008). Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/resources/intsafestratbro/inter_guide_key.cfm

American Traffic Safety Services Association, National Association of County Engineers, "Low Cost Local Road Safety Solutions," 2006. Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/other_topics/fhwasa09027/resources/Low%20Cost%20Local%20Road%20Safety%20Solutions.pdf

Federal Highway Administration, "Guidance Memorandum on Consideration and Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures." Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/memo071008/

Neuman, T.R., et al. A Guide for Addressing Unsignalized Intersection Collisions, NCHRP Report 500, Vol. 5. TRB, National Research Council, Washington, DC. 2003. Available at: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_500v5.pdf

Federal Highway Administration, "Road Safety Audits" website. Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/rsa/

Federal Highway Administration, Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (Washington, DC: 2009). Available at http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/

Federal Highway Administration, "Vegetation Control for Safety: A Guide for Local Highway and Street Maintenance Personnel" FHWA-SA-07-018 http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/local_rural/training/fhwasa07018/

McNinch, T.L. and Colling, T.K., "Traffic Safety Education for Nonengineers." U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, pp. 32-38, Public Roads, May/June 2009. Available at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/publicroads/09june/05.cfm

Resources Related to Program Development and Coordination

Local Technical Assistance Program (LTAP)

The web page below summarizes the roles and functions of the LTAP program and provides links, by State, for local points of contact who may help identify data, resources, and offer assistance. http://www.ltapt2.org/nltapa

Strategic Highway Safety Plans (SHSP)

Each State is required to develop an SHSP to promote best practices and strategies that are designed to have a substantial impact on reducing fatal and injury crashes. There is no central site for all State plans; to review your State's plan, you will need to search using your State and "strategic highway safety plan" as search terms in order to access and review your State's plan. The FHWA has resources available to help States' in their development and implementation efforts. http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/shsp/

Resources Related to Data Analysis and Evaluation

Federal Highway Administration, "Highway Safety Facts and Statistics" website. Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/facts_stats/

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Center for Statistics and Analysis, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). Available at http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/Main/index.aspx

Green, E.R. and Agent, K.R., Crash Rates at Intersections, University of Kentucky College of Engineering, Kentucky Transportation Center. Research Report KTC-03-21/SPR258-03-2I (2003). Available at http://www.ktc.uky.edu/Reports/KTC_03_21_SPR258_03_2I.pdf

Gross, F. and Yunk, K. U.S. "Using CRFs to Improve Highway Safety." Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Public Roads, May/June 2009, pp. 26-31. Available at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/publicroads/09june/04.cfm

Federal Highway Administration, "Issue Brief: Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Intersection Crashes." (Washington, DC: 2009). Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/resources/fhwasa10005/brief_8.cfm

Federal Highway Administration, "Desktop Reference for Crash Reduction Factors." (Washington, DC: 2007). Available at http://www.ite.org/safety/issuebriefs/Desktop%20Reference%20Complete.pdf

Federal Highway Administration, "Crash Reduction Factors" website. Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/tools/crf/

Federal Highway Administration, "Crash Modifications Factors Clearinghouse" website. Available at http://www.cmfclearinghouse.org/

Examples of State Programs and Initiatives

Federal Highway Administration, "Making the Case for Transportation Safety - Ideas for Decision Makers" (Washington, DC: 2008) Available at http://tsp.trb.org/assets/briefing%20book%20hi-res.pdf

Iowa Department of Transportation, "Crash Analysis." Available at http://www.intrans.iastate.edu/pubs/traffichandbook/5CrashAnalysis.pdf

Minnesota Department of Transportation and Minnesota Local Road Research Board, Safety Impacts of Street Lighting at Isolated Rural Intersections, 2004. Available at http://www.ctre.iastate.edu/reports/rural_lighting.pdf

Federal Highway Administration, Wyoming Technical Transfer Center, Kansas LTAP, "Field Guide for Unpaved Rural Roads." (2004) http://www.t2.unh.edu/pubs/field_guide.pdf


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