U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

Skip to content
Facebook iconYouTube iconTwitter iconFlickr iconLinkedInInstagram


FHWA Home / Safety / Pedestrian & Bicycle / Safe Transportation for Every Pedestrian (STEP)

Step Up for Pedestrians Between Intersections

In 2018, 74 percent of pedestrian fatalities in the U.S. occurred outside of intersections, including midblock locations.1 Because people consider walking distance to destinations, traffic speed, and intersection design when crossing the road, additional midblock crosswalks may be considered for improving overall walkability and safety between intersections.

Roadway markings establish legal crosswalks and assign the right-of-way for pedestrian crossings between intersections.2 However, marked crosswalks alone are insufficient for roads with higher speeds (over 40 mph) or multilane roads carrying over 12,000 vehicles per day.3

The FHWA Guide for Improving Pedestrian Safety at Uncontrolled Crossing Locations provides options for additional countermeasures and safety treatments based on roadway conditions and safety issues. This guidance helps agencies make the linkage between the decision to mark a crosswalk and the full scope of additional countermeasures that should be considered at a location.4

For more information about this guide and countermeasures to improve pedestrian crossing safety, visit the FHWA Safe Transportation for Every Pedestrian (STEP) program website: https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/step

1Pedestrians, 2018 Data. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812850

2U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Sec. 3B.18 Crosswalk Markings, 2009. https://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/htm/2009r1r2/part3/part3b.htm#figure3B18

3Zegeer, C. et al, Safety Effects of Marked Versus Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations, 2005, https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ publications/research/safety/04100/04100.pdf

4Blackburn, L., Zegeer, C., and K. Brookshire. Guide for Improving Pedestrian Safety at Uncontrolled Crossing Locations. 2018. Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-SA-17-072, Washington, DC.

Page last modified on June 30, 2020
Safe Roads for a Safer Future - Investment in roadway safety saves lives
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000