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FHWA Home / Safety / Proven Safety Countermeasures / Proven Safety Countermeasures

Proven Safety Countermeasures | Crosscutting

19. Road Safety Audits

Icon representing inspection of a roadway, viewing cars, bicycles, and pedestrians through magnifying glass.

Road Safety Audits

A road safety audit is a proactive formal safety performance examination of an existing or future road or intersection by an independent and multi-disciplinary team.

SAFETY BENEFIT:

10-60%
Reduction in total crashes

Source: Road Safety Audits: An Evaluation of RSA Programs and Projects, FHWA-SA-12-037; and FHWA Road Safety Audit Guidelines, FHWA-SA-06-06.

While most transportation agencies have established traditional safety review procedures, a road safety audit (RSA) is unique. RSAs are performed by a multidisciplinary team independent of the project. RSAs consider all road users, account for human factors and road user capabilities, are documented in a formal report, and require a formal response from the road owner. (See the eight steps for conducting an RSA below.)

Multi-disciplinary team performs field review during an RSA.
Source: FHWA

RSAs provide the following benefits:

RSAs can be performed in any phase of project development, from planning through construction. RSAs can also be conducted on any size project, from minor intersection and roadway retrofits to large-scale construction projects. Agencies are encouraged to conduct an RSA at the earliest stage possible, as all roadway design options and alternatives are being explored.

Diagram shows 8 steps for conducting an RSA. Step 1, Design Team or Project Owner Identifys project. Step 2, Design Team or Project Ownder Selects RSA team. Step 3, RSA team conducts start-up meeting. Step 4, RSA team performs field reviews. Step 5, RSA team conducts analysis and prepares report. Step 6, RSA team presents findings to project owner. Step 7, Design Team or Project Ownder prepares formal response. Step 8, Design Team or Project Owner incorporates findings.
Office of Safety logo: Safe Roads for a Safer Future

https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/provencountermeasures.

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Page last modified on November 2, 2018
Safe Roads for a Safer Future - Investment in roadway safety saves lives
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