Work Zone Safety for Drivers
PDF [300 KB]
This brochure provides information to drivers on work zone safety.
Creating Safer Work Zones:
Improving Operations on Both Sides of the Barrel
- During the past 5 years in work zone crashes more than:
- 4,400 persons died (85 percent of which was the driver or passenger)
- 200,000 persons were injured
- Drivers are the most frequent fatality in work zone crashes
- Most work zone fatalities involve working-age adults
- Rear-end crashes (running into the rear of a slowing or stopping vehicle) are the most common type of work zone crash.
- Fatal work zone crashes occur most often in summer and fall.
- The majority of fatal work zone crashes occurred on roads with speed limits greater than 50 mph.
- Stopping distance for motor vehicles at 50 mph:
- Dry roadway~300 ft
- Wet roadway~400 ft
- Icy pavement~1250 ft
- A loaded 80,000 lb. tractor-trailer requires almost 50% more stopping distance.
- It takes only an extra 25 seconds to cover 1 mile at 45 mph compared to 65 mph.
Safety Tips for the Driver
Remember these driving tips to avoid "A Sudden Change in Plans" and perhaps save a lifeincluding your own!
Stay Alert and Minimize Distractions
- Dedicate your full attention to the roadway
- Avoid changing the radio station, using a mobile phone, eating, or other distractions that can remove your concentration from the road
Keep Your Headlights On
Pay Attention to the Road
- "Listen to the signs"
- Watch brake lights on vehicles ahead
- Watch traffic around you and be prepared to react
Merge into the Proper Lane
- Merge well before you reach the lane closure
- Be aware that traffic patterns can change daily
- Follow other vehicles at a safe distance
Obey the Posted Speed Limit
- Workers may be present just feet away
- Fines may be doubled for moving traffic violations
- Be prepared to slow down further if conditions indicate the need
Change Lanes Safely
- Change lanes only where pavement markings indicate, and only when traffic conditions permit
Follow Instructions from Flaggers
Expect the Unexpected
- Workers, work vehicles, or equipment may enter your lane without warning
- Other vehicles may slow, stop, or change lanes unexpectedly
Listen to the signs.
Road work is just ahead. Be prepared for unusual driving conditions.
Traffic is traveling in both directions on a roadway that is normally one way. Be alert for oncoming traffic.
Traffic needs to follow this vehicle to get safely through the work zone.
A lane is about to end, requiring you to merge into the adjacent lane. The "bent" lane shows which lane is ending.
A flagger is ahead. Be prepared to stop and/or follow instructions.
You will need to take an alternate route soon.
You have reached the end of the work zone. Resume normal, safe driving.
Most Common Types of Crashes by Work Zone Area
A driver in clear weather during mid-afternoon comes upon slow or stopped traffic due to a work zone and crashes into another vehicle, or in the process of avoiding such, crashes into a barrier, equipment or pedestrian.
Follow the "Safety Tips"
Buckle Up, Slow Down, Save a Life