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FHWA Home / Safety / Pedestrian & Bicycle / Pedestrian Forum

Pedestrian Forum – Fall 2006

Safe Pedestrians and a Walkable America
VOL. 36, Fall 2006

http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/pedforum/

Each year pedestrian fatalities comprise about 11 percent of all traffic fatalities and there are approximately 4,600 pedestrian deaths. Another 70,000 pedestrians are injured in roadway crashes annually. Safety is important for all roadway users, and FHWA has established a goal of reducing pedestrian fatalities and injuries by 10 percent by the year 2008. Pedestrian safety improvements depend on an integrated approach that involves the 5 E's: Engineering, Enforcement, Encouragement, Education, and Evaluation. The Pedestrian Forum highlights recent pedestrian safety activities related to the 5 E's that will help reach FHWA's safety goals and save lives.

FHWA Awards Grant for Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse

FHWA awarded a $1.6 million grant to the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC) for the National Bicycle and Pedestrian Information Clearinghouse, which is a well-known source of pedestrian and bicycle information and technical assistance in the U.S.

The clearinghouse (funded through the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users), makes available various technical and interactive tools for practitioners to use in receiving customized guidance on their local issues and concerns. In addition, the clearinghouse responds to over 6,000 questions a year by phone and e-mail.

The clearinghouse website, www.pedbikeinfo.org, recently received an award for best planning, design, and development from Planetizen, a planning and development network.

For more information, visit www.pedbikeinfo.org or contact John Fegan at 202-366-5007 or john.fegan@dot.gov

New Jersey Governor Earmarks $74 Million for Pedestrian Safety

On September 18, New Jersey Governor Corzine announced a five-year, $74 million initiative comprised of a three-pronged approach (engineering, education and enforcement) to improve pedestrian safety. Agencies involved include the New Jersey Department of Transportation, The Department of Law and Public Safety and the Motor Vehicle Commission (MVC).

The initiative includes a pedestrian safety corridor program, Safe Routes to School Program, Safe Streets to Transit Program, pedestrian planning improvements, additional enforcement of pedestrian safety laws, distribution of grants for enforcement of pedestrian laws, establishment of a statewide traffic safety taskforce and a drivers education curriculum, and incorporation of pedestrian safety laws into MVC tests. For more information, look at this link: http://www.state.nj.us/governor/news/news/approved/20060918.html

New Contract: Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Guidance for Communities

The FHWA Safety Office just awarded a contract to VHB to develop two information guides to be completed in September 2007. The first will pertain to ways to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety in residential areas. The second information guide will describe ways to improve safety for walkers and bicyclists at transit locations such as at bus stops, and subway entrances.

Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety Information for Communities will offer guidance on the many pedestrian and bicyclist safety problems that occur in residential areas. For some areas, community associations govern neighborhoods, and association members may not know how to address a traffic safety problem. Safety problems may be caused by cut-through traffic, speeding drivers, and lack of pedestrian or bicycle facilities.

In addition, homeowners and community members in general are unlikely to know how to identify or how to solve pedestrian and bicyclist safety problems in their neighborhoods. Because of these factors, FHWA and NHTSA are developing a user-friendly packet of information for communities that would help educate them about pedestrian and bicycle safety matters and help them solve their safety issues, working within the guidelines/framework provided by documents such as the MUTCD, the AASHTO Guide for the Planning Design and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities, and other current design manuals and best practices guides that may be applicable.

The Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety Information Guide for Transit Locations will follow a similar format to the Community guide. The guide will highlight good design practices for locating bus stops, describe the different jurisdictional issues involved at and around transit stops and how transit and transportation agencies should work together, discuss how enforcement programs can help improve safety, and provide pedestrian and bicyclist safety education information. Other issues will include safety at railroad grade crossings. The guide will be designed so that it would be useful to local transit agencies as well as to the general public.

For more information, contact Tamara Redmon at tamara.redmon@dot.gov

New! Updated Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis (PBCAT) Tool

PBCAT Version 2.0 can be downloaded from http://www.walkinginfo.org/pc/pbcat.htm

PBCAT Version 2.0:

PBCAT is a software application designed to assist State and local pedestrian and bicycle coordinators, planners, and engineers in addressing pedestrian and bicyclist crash problems. PBCAT accomplishes this goal by enabling users to develop a database of details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists. One of these details is crash type, which describes the pre-crash actions of the involved parties. After developing a database of crash information, PBCAT users can analyze the data, produce reports, and select countermeasures to address the problems identified by the software.

Version 2.0 Features

New! Updated Ped/Bike University Course

Information on the Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation can be obtained at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/safety/pedbike/06065/

The second edition of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation, a set of resources designed to provide background materials for an undergraduate or graduate university course on bicycling and walking, is now available from the FHWA. The FHWA distributes this teaching resource to stimulate the development of nationwide university courses on bicycle and pedestrian transportation.

For more information on PBCAT version 2.0 and FHWA University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian, contact Ann Do at ann.do@dot.gov , or 202-493-3319, or see the latest edition of Public Roads magazine for an article about PBCAT, https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/publicroads/06jul/04.cfm

Safe Routes to School State Coordinators held first national meeting in Washington DC

Safe Routes to School (SRTS) State Coordinators gathered in Washington, D.C., from July 31 – August 2 for their program's first national meeting. The State Coordinators will oversee the distribution of $612 million over the next five years to fund SRTS programs in the States. Forty-one States and the District of Columbia were represented.

Coordinators discussed program plans, application procedures, evaluation issues, and heard about example programs. The National SRTS Program is administered by FHWA with the assistance of the National Center for Safe Routes to School (NCSRTS), which is led by the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center in partnership with AASHTO, GHSA, ITE, America Walks and Toole Design Group.

For more information, please visit www.saferoutesinfo.org.

New! Pedestrian Access to Roundabouts: Assessment of Motorists' Yielding to Visually Impaired Pedestrians and Potential Treatments to Improve Access

Now available online: http://www.trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=6490

Below is a list of the research project's objectives and key conclusions/recommendations. For technical inquires, please contact Greg Davis, Office of Safety R&D, at 202-493-3367, or greg.davis@dot.gov.

Study One Objective: Evaluate potential for a pavement treatment that would alert pedestrian with visual impairment that vehicles have yielded at roundabout crossings.

Conclusions/Recommendations:

Tested treatment is not appropriate at double-lane roundabout but should be further evaluated for use at single-lane roundabouts.


Study Two Objectives:

  1. Evaluate pavement treatment used in study one at working double-lane roundabout.
  2. Evaluate motorist yielding behavior at double-lane roundabout.

Conclusions/Recommendations:

  1. For pavement treatment to alert pedestrians to work, crosswalk would need to be located more than two car-lengths from circular roadway so that yielding vehicles will enter the roundabout exit.
  2. More than signage is required to induce motorists to stop for pedestrians who are in the crosswalk.
  3. Signalization may be necessary to ensure drivers who stop remain stopped until pedestrians with visual impairment complete their crossing.

Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings

TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) and National Cooperative Highway Research Program have jointly produced and published Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings.  The product, which can be referred to as TCRP Report 112 or NCHRP Report 562, examines selected  engineering treatments to improve safety for pedestrians crossing high-volume and high-speed roadways at unsignalized locations.  The report presents the edited final report and Appendix A. TCRP Web-Only Document 30/NCHRP Web-Only Document 91 (Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings: Appendices B to O) contains the remaining appendixes of the contractor's final report.

Editors:

Tamara Redmon, tamara.redmon@fhwa.dot.gov
Gabe Rousseau, gabriel.rousseau@fhwa.dot.gov

400 Seventh Street, SW, Room 3407, Washington, DC 20590

 

 

Page last modified on January 31, 2013.
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