U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
202-366-4000


Skip to content
FacebookYouTubeTwitterFlickrLinkedIn

Safety

eSubscribe
eSubscribe Envelope

FHWA Home / Safety / Pedestrian & Bicycle / FHWA Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation

FHWA Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation

< Previous Table of Content Next >

LESSON 14: PEDESTRIAN SIGNING AND PAVEMENT MARKINGS (INSTRUCTOR'S NOTES)

Objectives:

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  1. Describe the regulatory signs related to pedestrians.
  2. Describe the warning signs related to pedestrians.
  3. Describe the pavement markings related to pedestrians.

Pre-Instruction:

Components

Activities

Motivation

Ask the class to report on the examples they found of poorly signed and marked pedestrian areas. Have them describe what were the problems they noted at the location. Elicit their ideas on how the situation could be remedied through improved signing and marking.

Objectives

Present and explain the three lesson goals listed above (V-14-1).

Information Presentation:

Components

Activities

Information Sequence

Outline the presentation of the lecture (V-14-2).

Information

Discuss the planning and design considerations for implementing signing and markings to control and protect pedestrian movements.

Describe the regulatory signs related to pedestrians (V-14-3).

Describe the warning signs related to pedestrians (V-14-4).

Describe the pavement markings related to pedestrians (V-14-5).

Discuss how signs are also an important part of the pedestrian wayfinding system.

Example(s)

Show examples (e.g., slides, videotape) of the different signs and markings related to pedestrians.

Show examples (e.g., slides, videotape) of well-done pedestrian guide signing.

Student Participation:

Components

Activities

Practice

Prepare a drawing of an unsigned, unmarked complex intersection or interchange. Ask the students to design a signing and marking plan that will accommodate both motorized and non-motorized traffic.

Feedback

Provide comment and feedback to the class as appropriate.

Follow-Up:

Components

Activities

Enrichment

Assign reading for Lesson 15.

Assign the first portion of the assignment for the exercise given in Lesson 15, wherein the students are asked to photograph four urban intersections.

Review

Provide a summary of Lesson 14 (V-14-6).

Exercise

Ask the students to complete the exercise at the end of Lesson 14 in their workbooks. This exercise is reprinted below for your convenience.

14.8 Exercise

The need to develop and detail pedestrian signs and pavement markings in a manner in which these provisions can be constructed within the normal field of highway construction is an extremely important issue. Signs and pavement markings for a proposed roadway project are specified through a detailed system of standard drawings, specifications, and bid item numbers. An example plan view drawing demonstrating this method for highway-related signs and pavement markings using Caltrans (California Department of Transportation) specifications is provided for reference in Figure 14-1.

Engineers use the standards to ensure uniform construction and contractors use the standards to develop construction cost estimates for their bids. The use of these procedures in developing designs is a critical link in the continuum of planning, designing, and constructing transportation facilities. Construction of pedestrian and bicycle facilities should make full use of this well-established system. Most State DOT's have a variety of specifications that pertain to pedestrian and bicycle facilities. Specific standard drawings pertaining to bicycle and pedestrian facility construction as taken from the Caltrans Standard Plans document are summarized below.

Develop a plan to install pedestrian signs and pavement markings that uses nomenclature and reference standards from your State DOT. Estimate the quantity of each construction item needed and develop an engineer's construction cost estimate. You will need to utilize the following resources:

  • Standard Drawings (periodically published document).

  • Standard Specifications (periodically published document).

  • Bid Item Numbers (typically a published list).

Solution Commentary

Students should conduct this exercise in as much detail as possible. If this exercise is conducted on a conceptual level only, the effectiveness of this activity will be significantly reduced. The objective is to help the student understand to what degree needed improvements for bicycles can be addressed within the existing system of standards for roadway construction, signing, and pavement markings. It is also intended that students will gain an appreciation for the level of detail and exacting form that engineering plans take in the real world of public works construction projects.

Lesson Objectives:

Lesson Outline:

Regulatory Signs:

Warning Signs:

Pavement Markings:

Lesson Summary:

 

< Previous Table of Content Next >
Page last modified on February 1, 2013.
Safe Roads for a Safer Future - Investment in roadway safety saves lives
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000